Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


  • Europlacer SMT Pick & Place Machines
  • Reflow Ovens
  • Precision, fluid dispensing systems for low volume, high mix, R&D, and high volume 24x7 production
  • Electronics manufacturing training materials - IPC, solder
  • PCB Rework Tools
812 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Wire Bonding and Soldering on Enepig and Enep Surface Finishes with Pure Pd-Layers

Oct 11, 2012 | Mustafa Özkök, Joe McGurran, Dieter Metzger, Hugh Roberts

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. This paper shows the benefits by using a pure palladium Layer in the ENEPIG (Electroless Nickel, Electroless Palladium, Immersion Gold) and ENEP (Electroless Nickel, Electroless P...

Publisher: Atotech

Atotech

One of the world's leading suppliers of integrated production systems, chemistry, equipment, know-how and service for electroplating, semiconductor and printed circuit board manufacturing.

Berlin, Germany

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Manufacturer of Components, Components/Substrates

Reliability of BGA Solder Joints after Re-Balling Process

Oct 04, 2012 | M.H. Biglaria, A. Nazariana, R. Denteneera, M. Biglari, Jra, A.A. Kodentsov

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings... Due to the obsolescence of SnPb BGA components, electronics manufacturers that use SnPb solder paste either have to use lead-free BGAs and adjust the reflow process or re-ball t...

2 comments.

Publisher: Mat-tech

Mat-tech

Mat-tech is your specialist in high-tech soldering & brazing. Whether it's developing a new product or improving an existing product, we provide the perfect joint.

Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands

Soldering, Service Provider

A Novel Material for High Layer Count and High Reliability Printed Circuit Boards

Sep 27, 2012 | Jie Wan, Junqi Tang, Xianping Zeng

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Over the past few years a new family of laminate systems has been developed to face the increasing physical demands of withstanding Pb-free soldering processes used in the assembl...

2 comments.

Publisher: Shengyi Technology Co., Ltd.

Shengyi Technology Co., Ltd.

Shengyi is the biggest manufacturer of copper clad laminates in China. Its products are used for making single side, double side, and multilayer printed circuits boards.

Dongguan, Guangdong, China

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Laminates

Evaluation of Laminates in Pb-free HASL Process and Pb-free Assembly Environment

Sep 20, 2012 | Khaw Mei Ming, Andrey Lee

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. An evaluation of four FR4 laminates in commonly used stack-ups was done to determine their survivability for the Pb-free HASL process followed by a worst case Pb-free manufacturin...

5 comments.

Publisher: Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Agilent Technologies, Inc.

World's premier measurement company, providing the critical tools and technologies that sense, measure, and interpret the physical and biological world.

Loveland, Colorado, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

Thermal Cycle Reliability Study of Vapor Phase BGA Solder Joints

Sep 13, 2012 | Ward Gatza; Agilent Technologies, Inc., Tom Evans; Thomas C. Evans Consulting

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Prior to committing production boards to vapor phase soldering, we performed an evaluation to assess reliability and evaluate the vacuum soldering option. The reliability of vapor...

2 comments.

Publisher: Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Agilent Technologies, Inc.

World's premier measurement company, providing the critical tools and technologies that sense, measure, and interpret the physical and biological world.

Loveland, Colorado, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

Pad Cratering - The Invisible Threat to the Electronics Industry

Sep 06, 2012 | Chris Hunrath

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Pad Cratering opens circuits. This occurs when the resin crack (fracture) migrates through a copper trace or via. This happens at assembly, in service or during handling. When com...

6 comments.

Publisher: Integral Technology, Inc

Integral Technology, Inc

Manufacturer and distributor of HDI electronic materials for the printed circuit board industry

Lake Forest, California, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Laminates

Inclusion Voiding in Gull Wing Solder Joints

Aug 30, 2012 | T.L. Lewis, C.O. Ndiaye, J.R. Wilcox

This paper provides definitions of the different voiding types encountered in Gull Wing solder joint geometries. It further provides corresponding reliability data that support some level of inclusion voiding in these solder joints and identifies the final criteria being applied for certain IBM Server applications. Such acceptance criteria can be applied using various available x-ray inspection techniques on a production or sample basis. The bulk of supporting data to date has been gathered through RoHS server exempt SnPb eutectic soldering operations but it is expected to provide a reasonable baseline for pending Pb-free solder applications....

1 comments.

Publisher: IBM Corporation

IBM Corporation

International Business Machines Corporation is a multinational technology. IBM manufactures computer hardware and software, offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services.

Armonk, New York, USA

Other, Software Manufacturer

The Regulatory and Environment Status of Tetrabromobisphenol-A In Printed Wiring Boards

Aug 23, 2012 | Susan D. Landry

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) is the predominant flame retardant used in rigid FR-4 printed wiring boards (PWB). In this application, the TBBPA is fully reacted into the epoxy res...

Publisher: Albemarle Corporation

Albemarle Corporation

Albemarle is a leading specialty chemical company providing innovative chemistry solutions to customers in over 100 countries around the world.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA

Components/Substrates

Effects of Tin and Copper Nanotexturization on Tin Whisker Formation

Aug 16, 2012 | David M. Lee, Lesly A. Piñol, PhD

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. The physical mechanisms behind tin whisker formation in pure tin (Sn) films continue to elude the microelectronics industry. Despite modest advances in whisker mitigation techniqu...

1 comments.

Publisher: Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory

Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory

The Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) is a not-for-profit center for engineering, research, and development.

Laurel, Maryland, USA

Association, Non-Profit, Research Institute/Laboratory

Corrosion Resistance of Different PCB Surface Finishes in Harsh Environments

Aug 09, 2012 | Mustafa Özkök, Joe McGurran, Hugh Roberts. Kenneth Lee, Guenter Heinz

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Corrosion resistance is becoming one of the most important topics in the electronics industry. Corrosion results in field failures and huge losses, which annually total several bi...

7 comments.

Publisher: Atotech

Atotech

One of the world's leading suppliers of integrated production systems, chemistry, equipment, know-how and service for electroplating, semiconductor and printed circuit board manufacturing.

Berlin, Germany

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Manufacturer of Components, Components/Substrates

An Investigation of Whisker Growth on Tin Coated Wire and Braid

Aug 02, 2012 | Dave Hillman, Tim Pearson, Thomas Lesniewski

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Pure tin is a common finish for copper hook up wire, coaxial cable, ground braid and harness assemblies used on electronic assemblies. Historically there have been fewer reports o...

Publisher: Rockwell Collins

Rockwell Collins

Rockwell Collins (NYSE: COL) is a pioneer in the development and deployment of innovative communication and aviation electronic solutions for both commercial and government applications.

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, USA

Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Other

Minimizing Voiding In QFN Packages Using Solder Preforms

Jul 27, 2012 | Seth J. Homer, Ronald C. Lasky, PhD, PE

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. The focus of this paper will quantify the preform requirements and process adjustments needed to use preforms in a standard SMT process. In addition, experimental data showing vo...

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

New Developments in PCB Laminates

Jul 19, 2012 | Dean Hattula, John Coonrod

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. With the ever accelerating demands in printed circuit board (PCB) design, the choices of advanced laminate materials have become fewer and fewer. The trends continue towards high...

Publisher: Rogers Corporation, Advanced Circuit Materials Division

Rogers Corporation, Advanced Circuit Materials Division

A global technology leader in the development of high performance printed circuit materials for use in markets, including portable communications, communications infrastructure, aerospace and defense.

Chandler, Arizona, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Laminates

Thermal Characteristics of PCB Laminates used in High Frequency Applications

Jul 11, 2012 | John Coonrod

As technology advances, understanding thermal management issues of high frequency PCB's increases. There are many different aspects to consider for PCB thermal management. This paper will investigate thermal management issues of high frequency PCB's as it...

Publisher: Rogers Corporation, Advanced Circuit Materials Division

Rogers Corporation, Advanced Circuit Materials Division

A global technology leader in the development of high performance printed circuit materials for use in markets, including portable communications, communications infrastructure, aerospace and defense.

Chandler, Arizona, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Laminates

Hot Nitrogen For Wave Soldering

Jul 05, 2012 | Laurent Coudurier, Fernand Heine, Didier Orlhac

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. A new innovation for increasing quality & productivity of wave soldering machines....

Publisher: Air Liquide

Air Liquide

Air Liquide is the world leader in gases for industry, health and the environment. We produce air gases (oxygen, nitrogen, argon, rare gases, etc.) and many other gases, including hydrogen.

Paris, France

Other

A Study of PCB Insertion Loss Variation in Manufacturing Using a New Low Cost Metrology

Jun 27, 2012 | Chu-tien Chia, Richard Kunze, David Boggs, Margaret Cromley

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Signal integrity analysis has shown that printed circuit board (PCB) insertion loss is a key factor affecting high speed channel performance. Determining and controlling PCB inser...

Publisher: Intel Corporation

Intel Corporation

Intel designs and builds the essential technologies that serve as the foundation for the world's computing devices.

Santa Clara, California, USA

Manufacturer of Components

The Relationship between Backward Compatible Assembly and Microstructure on the Thermal Fatigue Reliability of an Extremely Large Ball Grid Array

Jun 21, 2012 | Richard Coyle, Richard Popowich, Peter Read, and Debra Fleming - Alcatel-Lucent, Raiyo Aspandiar, Alan Donaldson, Stephen Tisdale, and Vasu Vasudevan - Intel Corporation, Iulia Muntele, Robert Kinyanjui - Sanmina-SCI Corporation

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Most high reliability electronic equipment producers continue to manufacture and support tin-lead (SnPb) electronic products despite the increasing trend for design and conversion...

Publisher: Alcatel-Lucent

Alcatel-Lucent

Alcatel-Lucent- Enterprise Business Group is a world leader in the delivery of communications solutions for businesses, including contact center software, small/medium business telephony and IP addres

Calabasas, California, USA

Service Provider

Novel Probing Concepts for Mass-Production Tests: Design and Challenges

Jun 15, 2012 | Matthias Zapatka, Dipl.-Ing.(FH) ; Otmar Fischer, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) ; Sven Nocher

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. The world of spring-loaded test probes and special probes for in-circuit and functional tests have grown tremendously over the past few years. Ever increasing demands for electro ...

Publisher: INGUN Pruefmittelbau GmbH

INGUN Pruefmittelbau GmbH

We are a globally operating company for Testing Equipment Manufacturing and offer am unsurpassed choice of Test Probes and Test Fixtures.

Konstanz , Germany

OEM

Scaling LCA with IPC-175x

Jun 07, 2012 | Jørgen Vos, Industry Members (volunteers)

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. IPC-175x Intent: To establish a standard data exchange format that will facilitate, improve, and secure data transfer between all members of a supply chain. ...

Publisher: Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC)

Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC)

IPC is the trade association for the printed wiring board and electronics assembly industries.

Bannockburn, Illinois, USA

Association, Non-Profit, Events Organizer

Management of your company's PLC automation risk.

Jun 01, 2012 | Don Fitchett

PLCs are the brains of your operation. When the PLC (Programmable Logic Controllers) is not functioning properly, lines shut down, plants shutdown, even city bridges and water stations could cease to operate. Thousands to millions could be lost by one li...

Publisher: Business Industrial Network

Business Industrial Network

Offers training software and videos. Also on site training and seminars that qualify for CEUs to maintenance, engineering and management professionals.

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Consultant, Publication or Online Resource, Service Provider, Software Manufacturer, Training Provider

Recession survival tips on how and why not to cut training.

Jun 01, 2012 | Don Fitchett

Recession survival tips on how and why not to cut training. ... About the methods for US Manufacturing Industry to adjust for the knowledge vacuum caused by retiring baby boomers with training, while dealing with tight training budgets during a recessio...

Publisher: Business Industrial Network

Business Industrial Network

Offers training software and videos. Also on site training and seminars that qualify for CEUs to maintenance, engineering and management professionals.

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Consultant, Publication or Online Resource, Service Provider, Software Manufacturer, Training Provider

PLC and SCADA Networking Security Solutions

May 31, 2012 | Don Fitchett

Industrial network security solutions essential to today's PLC - SCADA security. Lack of security on an industrial network could cause a serious threat to the system, to the personnel involved in it, in fact, production machines networks without proper se...

Publisher: Business Industrial Network

Business Industrial Network

Offers training software and videos. Also on site training and seminars that qualify for CEUs to maintenance, engineering and management professionals.

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Consultant, Publication or Online Resource, Service Provider, Software Manufacturer, Training Provider

Current Strategies for Mitigating Counterfeit Components

May 31, 2012 | Rick Stanton

ProSkill Consulting and Training Group “Current Strategies for Mitigating Counterfeit Components” By: Rick Stanton - PRO-STD-001 Course Director/Corporate VP of Quality It’s well known that counterfeiting has been linked to organized c...

Publisher: ProSkill Consulting and Training Group (ProSkill CTG)

ProSkill Consulting and Training Group (ProSkill CTG)

ProSkill CTG offers Counterfeit Component Detection Techniques. Learn how to detect fake/used electronic components using our PRO-STD-001 Inspections Standard. Military,Medical,and Commercial Markets.

Melbourne, FL, Florida, USA

Training Provider

SMT Manufacturability and Reliability in PCB Cavities

May 31, 2012 | Markus Leitgeb, Christopher Michael Ryder

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Considering technological advances in multi-depth cavities in the PCB manufacturing industry, various subtopics have materialized regarding the processing and application of such ...

Publisher: AT&S

AT&S

AT&S is currently Europe’s largest printed circuit board manufacturer and one of the market leaders in high-end printed circuit board technology.

Leoben, Austria

Contract Manufacturer

Application Of Build-in Self Test In Functional Test Of DSL

May 23, 2012 | YaJun Gu, Ye Qin, ZhiJun Wang, David Wei, Andrew Ho, Stephen Chen, Zhen (Jane) Feng Ph. D., Murad Kurwa

first published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. BIST (build-in self test ) is the technique of designing additional hardware and software features into integrated circuits to allow them to perform self-testing, i.e., testing of...

Publisher: Flex (Flextronics International)

Flex (Flextronics International)

Flextronics is a global full-service supplier of a full spectrum of value-added Electronic Manufacturing Services.

Singapore, Singapore

Design, Service Provider

Environmental Compliance Reporting - Mastering a Moving Target

May 17, 2012 | Cathy Iler, Nikki Johnson, Peter Robinson

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Companies that have initiated internal resources to obtain compliance data have realized that collecting, and more importantly, maintaining the currency of that data requires more...

Publisher: Total Parts Plus

Total Parts Plus

Total Parts Plus helps electronics manufacturers mitigate risks associated with parts obsolescence and environmental regulations compliance through cloud-based applications and data-collection service

Fort Walton Beach, Florida, USA

Service Provider

The Surface Finish Effect on the Creep Corrosion in PCB

May 10, 2012 | Cherie Chen, Jeffrey ChangBing Lee, Graver Chang, Jandel Lin, Casa Hsieh, Jesse Liao, Jerry Huang

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Creep corrosion normally happens in the end system, PCB, connectors and components are widely noted due to the exposure of high sulfur environments under elevated humidity. In thi...

Publisher: Integrated Service Technology (IST)

Integrated Service Technology (IST)

Founded in 1994, IST group is a leading lab-service company, specializing in the development of IC product testing & analysis, failure analysis, debugging, reliability test, material analysis.

Hsinchu City, Taiwan

Service Provider

Virtual Access Technique Augments Test Coverage on Limited Access PCB Assemblies

May 03, 2012 | Anthony J. Suto

First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings. Increased pressures to reduce time to market and time to volume have forced many manufacturers of populated printed circuit boards to rely on capacitively coupled, un-powered, vec...

Publisher: Teradyne

Teradyne

Teradyne is a leading supplier of Automatic Test Equipment used to test semiconductors, wireless products, data storage and complex electronic systems which serve consumer, communications, industrial and government customers.

North Reading, Massachusetts, USA

Inspection, Test Services

Design and Construction Affects on PWB Reliability

Apr 26, 2012 | Paul Reid

First presented at IPC Apex Expo 2012. The reliability, as tested by thermal cycling, of printed wire boards (PWB) are established by three variables; copper quality, material robustness and design. The copper quality was most influential and could be eva...

Publisher: PWB Interconnect Solutions Inc.

PWB Interconnect Solutions Inc.

PWB designs and manufactures test equipment and provides services to test the reliability of Printed Circuit Boards.

Nepean, Ontario, Canada

OEM

A New Paradigm For Design Through Manufacture

Apr 19, 2012 | Michael Ford, Valor Division of Mentor Graphics Corp.

Presented at IPC Apex 2012. Working through the New Product Introduction (NPI) flow between product design and manufacturing is usually a challenging process, with both parties being experts in their own fields and inextricably linked in the flow of g...

Publisher: Mentor Graphics

Mentor Graphics

A leader in software solutions for electroncs design, Mentor Graphics is the only EDA company with a total end-to-end solution for design though manufacturing.

Wilsonville, Oregon, USA

Design, Software Manufacturer

Bridging at Reflow, What is the Cause and Can it be Eliminated?

Apr 12, 2012 | Robert Dervaes, V.P. Technology

Surface mount technology (SMT) started in the 1960s and became more common in the 1980s. It is the dominant technology in use today. Through-hole technology is still in use, and will be for the foreseeable future, but the drive towards miniaturization of ...

Publisher: FCT ASSEMBLY, INC.

FCT ASSEMBLY, INC.

With numerous facilities in the United States, we are one of the electronics industry's leading manufacturers of lead-free solder products, superior quality stencils, and precision cut parts.

Greeley, Colorado, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

FCT Assembly Solves Bridging Issues at Reflow

Apr 09, 2012 | FCT Assembly

As the electronics assembly industry evolves, printed circuit board (PCB) features and surface mount technology (SMT) components continue to get smaller and smaller. This miniaturization shrinks the process window at print, placement, and reflow, increasi...

Publisher: FCT ASSEMBLY, INC.

FCT ASSEMBLY, INC.

With numerous facilities in the United States, we are one of the electronics industry's leading manufacturers of lead-free solder products, superior quality stencils, and precision cut parts.

Greeley, Colorado, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Modeling and Control of SMT Manufacturing Lines Using Hybrid Dynamic Systems

Apr 05, 2012 | L.G. Barajas, A. Kansal, A. Saxena, M. Egerstedt, A. Goldstein, E.W. Kamen

In this paper we show how hybrid control and modeling tech-niques can be put to work for solving a problem of industrial relevance in Surface Mount Technology (SMT) manufacturing. In particular, by closing the loop over the stencil printing process, we ob...

Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology

Center for Board Assembly Research CBAR- advanced research on board assembly processes and systems

Atlanta, Georgia, USA

School

Assembly and Rework of Lead Free Package on Package Technology

Mar 22, 2012 | Raymond G. Clark, Joseph D. Poole, TT Electronics - IMS

Miniaturization continues to be a driving force in both integrated circuit packaging and printed circuit board laminate technology. In addition to decreasing component pitch (lead to lead spacing), utilization of the vertical space by stacking packages ha...

Publisher: Electronics

Electronics

Electronics

Perry , Ohio, USA

Successfully Designing FPGA-Based Systems

Mar 15, 2012 | Nagesh Gupta

Increases in field-programmable gate array (FPGA) capabilities, combined with growing system complexity, have created many FPGA-based system design challenges. One key challenge is choosing the right FPGA for the design needs, and maximizing the use of FP...

Publisher: Cadence Design Systems, Inc.

Cadence Design Systems, Inc.

World's leading EDA company.

San Jose, California, USA

Design

Quality Improvement and Enhanced Flexibility in Electronic Manufacturing through the Deployment of a modern Selective Soldering Process Technology

Mar 15, 2012 | Bernd Krauss, Turck-Duotec, Grünhain-Beierfeld, Jürgen Friedrich

The competition in the EMS sector has considerably intensified over the last few years,. The enormous pressure to reduce production costs, which every service provider today has to face, frequently forces the organization to have a critical look at their ...

Publisher: ASYS Group

ASYS Group

ASYS is an international company that specializes in the manufacturing of screen printers, process machines, handling systems and special machines used in the electronic and solar industries.

Suwanee, Georgia, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Drilling/Routing, Screen Printing

Counterfeit Electronic Components: Understanding the Risk

Mar 08, 2012 | John M. Radman, Renee J. Michalkiewicz and Daniel D. Phillips

You may have heard talk in the news lately regarding counterfeit electronic components making it into the US military supply chain. The U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) recently reported in the Counterfeit Electronic Parts in the Defense Department Supply Chain hearing held on November 17, 2011, 1,800 cases of suspected counterfeit components that went into more than 1 million individual products. If you consider this number for the military, we can only imagine the number of counterfeits in our commercial yet high reliability products, such as life support or other critical systems. If you are the person within your electronics-based company who must perform risk analyses, counterfeiting is not a new concern, yet many do not realize just how good counterfeiters have become at their "trade"....

Publisher: Trace Laboratories

Trace Laboratories

An internationally accredited, full service testing and analysis company providing design studies, failure analyses, product/material qualifications, safety inspections, and consulting services

Hunt Valley, Maryland, USA

Test Services

Why Sacrifice Throughput For Change-Over Time?

Mar 01, 2012 | Eric Klaver, Senior Product Manager

The struggle to survive in the world of manufacturing is prompting many volume-driven manufacturing sites in the west to specialize in small batch manufacturing. The aim is to bring value to their customers with fast-turnaround prototyping and reduced int...

Publisher: Assembléon

Assembléon

Assembleon manufactures a range of Surface Mount Technology (SMT) placement equipment, Pick & Place Machines and provides related services.

LA VELDHOVEN, Netherlands

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

What is really inside your AOI?

Feb 23, 2012 | Jean-Marc Peallat, Russ Warncke, Russell Claybrook, Marc Brun

Installed for the first time 20 years ago, Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) more recently has become an essential part of our SMT environment. Today, most process engineers are turning to machines as an inspection strategy for addressing quality and pro...

Publisher: Vi TECHNOLOGY

Vi TECHNOLOGY

Vi TECHNOLOGY is a worldwide global supplier of a wide range of innovative Automated Inspection AOI, 3D-SPI equipment and software solutions that provide real time data collection and correlation across the SMT line.

Richardson, Texas, USA

Inspection

Connector Models - Are They Any Good?

Feb 16, 2012 | Jim Nadolny, Leon Wu

Channel simulations are only as accurate as the models used to develop them. While we have seen much effort placed on printed circuit board (PCB) materials (copper finish, dielectric moisture absorption), other elements within the channel have been largel...

Publisher: Samtec, Inc.

Samtec, Inc.

Samtec is recognized as the service leader in the connector industry. Most Samtec products fall into one of three categories: high speed (signal integrity), micro pitch, and rugged/power products.

New Albany, Indiana, USA

Subcontractor

Fundamentals of Analog Signature Analysis

Feb 09, 2012 | Curtis Smith, Huntron Technical Support

The Fundamentals of Signature Analysis Technical document discusses the basics of power-off analog signature analysis, how it relates to basic electronic devices and how it is used for circuit board troubleshooting....

Publisher: Huntron, Inc.

Huntron, Inc.

Huntron is a supplier of tools for engineers and technicians who test, diagnose and troubleshoot printed circuit assemblies. Our popular products are Huntron Tracker and test automation platforms such as the Access Robotic Prober.

Mill Creek, Washington, USA

Inspection, OEM

Wafer-Level Packaged MEMS Switch With TSV

Feb 02, 2012 | Nicolas Lietaer, Thor Bakke, Anand Summanwar (SINTEF), Per Dalsjø, Jakob Gakkestad (Norwegian Defence Research Establishment), Frank Niklaus (KTH – Royal Institute of Technology)

A miniaturized wafer-level packaged MEMS acceleration switch with through silicon vias (TSVs) was fabricated, based on technologies suitable for harsh environment applications. The high aspect ratio TSVs were fabricated through the silicon-on-insulator (S...

Publisher: The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research - SINTEF

The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research - SINTEF

Scandinavia's largest independent research organisation. Every year, SINTEF supports research and development at 2,000 or so Norwegian and overseas companies via its research and development activity.

Trondheim, Norway

Association, Non-Profit

A Unified CAD-PLM Architecture for Improving Electronics Design Productivity through Automation, Collaboration, and Cloud Computing

Jan 26, 2012 | Jonathan Friedman, Newton Truong, Mani B. Srivastava

In electronics design, Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools manage part data in a logical schematic view (a part symbol) and a physical PCB view (a part footprint). Yet, a part has a third view, which CAD tools ignore – its supply data (Manufacturer part num...

Publisher: UCLA - Networked & Embedded Systems Laboratory

UCLA - Networked & Embedded Systems Laboratory

NESL is engaged in research on architecture, design, and tools for networked and embedded computing and communication systems.

Westwood, Los Angeles, California, USA

Research Institute/Laboratory

Three-Dimensional MMIC and Its Evolution to WLCSP Technology

Jan 19, 2012 | Tsuneo TOKUMITSU

The history of multilayered, three-dimensional monolithic microwave integrated circuit (3-D MMIC) technology is described here. Although significant researches were carried out in the second half of 1990’s, still there were many twists and turns before an...

Publisher: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Manufacturer of cable, materials & equipment for the semiconductor and opto-electronic industries; supplying telecommunications, power transmission, information technology and automotive cable markets

Osaka, Japan

OEM

Reliability Enhancement of Wafer Level Packages with Nano-Column-Like Hollow Solder Ball Structures

Jan 12, 2012 | Ronak Varia, Xuejun Fan

In this paper, hollowed solder ball structures in wafer level packages are investigated. Detailed 3-D finite element modelling is conducted for stress and accumulated inelastic strain energy density or creep strain analysis. Three cases are studied in thi...

Publisher: Lamar University - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Lamar University - Department of Mechanical Engineering

The mission of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Lamar University is to provide high quality education and meaningful career opportunities for its graduates.

Beaumont, Texas, USA

School

Conformal Coating Why, What, When, and How

Jan 05, 2012 | Greg Caswell

Conformal coating is applied to circuit cards to provide a dielectric layer on an electronic board. This layer functions as a membrane between the board and the environment. With this coating in place, the circuit card can withstand more moisture by incre...

Publisher: DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions has world-renowned expertise in applying the science of Reliability Physics to electrical and electronics technologies, and is a leading provider of quality, reliability, and durability (QRD) research and consulting for the electronics industry.

College Park, Maryland, USA

Service Provider

Solder Charge Grid Array: Advancements In The Technology Of Surface Mount Area Array Solder Joint Attachment

Dec 29, 2011 | Jim Hines, Adam Stanczak, David Decker, Theeraphong Kanjanupathum

2011 IPC APEX EXPO Conference Article: Surface mount area arrays (SMAA) have been in existence for decades and are increasingly becoming more important as printed circuit board (PCB) assemblies become further complex with package miniaturization and densi...

Publisher: Molex

Molex

Molex is a global leader in interconnect solutions, as well as custom user-interfaces, membrane switches and flex circuits.

Lisle, Illinois, USA

Manufacturer of Components, Components/Substrates

Metal Microchannel Lamination Using Surface Mount Adhesives for Low-Temperature Heat Exchangers

Dec 22, 2011 | Prawin, Paulraj , Paul, Brian K.

This paper reports the feasibility of using surface mount adhesives to produce low temperature microchannel arrays in a wide variety of metals. Sheet metal embossing and chemical etching processes have been used to produce sealing bosses that eliminate ch...

Publisher: OSU School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering (MIME)

OSU School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering (MIME)

Providing an education that prepares our students as entrepreneurial, team-oriented, and work-ready graduates in mechanical, industrial, and manufacturing engineering and energy engineering management

Corvallis, Oregon, USA

School

Hermetically Sealed SMD Tantalum Capacitors

Dec 15, 2011 | I.Zednickova, M.Biler, J.Petrzilek, T.Zednicek

manganese dioxide or conductive polymer cathode. Higher stability is achieved by placement of the capacitor into an SMD case filled by an inert atmosphere and hermetically sealed. The long term stability testing performed on such hermetically sealed capac...

Publisher: AVX Corporation

AVX Corporation

A leading international electronic supplier of components and connectors with worldwide manufacturing facilities, offering the world's broadest selection of passive electronic components.

Fountain Inn, South Carolina, USA

Evaluation of Stencil Foil Materials, Suppliers and Coatings

Dec 08, 2011 | Chrys Shea - Shea Engineering Services, Ray Whittier - Vicor Corporation

The past few years have brought PCB assemblers a multitude of choices for SMT stencil materials and coatings. In addition to the traditional laser-cut stainless steel (SS) or electroformed nickel, choices now include SS that has been optimized for laser c...

Publisher: Shea Engineering Services

Shea Engineering Services

We work with electronics industry suppliers to provide top quality technical documentation for their products. Services include: ghost writing, presentation creation and training program development.

Burlington, New Jersey, USA

Service Provider

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PCB equipment

Large PCB Dispensing System