Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


  • Europlacer SMT Pick & Place Machines
  • Reflow Ovens
  • Precision, fluid dispensing systems for low volume, high mix, R&D, and high volume 24x7 production
  • PCB X-ray inspection
  • Solder Assembly Materials for the Electronics Industry
660 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Printed Circuit Board Failure Analysis

Jan 10, 2007 | Earl Moon

As with all other F/A processes, PCB's occasionally need a little help from them. The following, just as the component process in Section previous, has been condensed from so many involvements over the past 35 years, I cannot remember - nor should I because they all could have been prevented with DFM/CE. However, the information presented, coupled with good DFM/CE and PCB process management provides an insight to the beast....

Dispensing Solder Paste Micro-Deposits to 0.2mm - A Process Solution

Jan 03, 2007 | John Vivari / EFD Inc.

Solder paste dispensing is not a new process. However, today's microelectronics present a daunting array of technical challenges to meet deposit size requirements. The need for better paste formulations, more precise equipment, and more tightly controlled processes is driving paste suppliers and equipment suppliers to develop new methods and materials. The most challenging solder paste deposits are those smaller than 0.25mm in diameter and today’s electronics demand such deposits. This paper addresses the process requirements for solder paste micro-deposits in terms of material, equipment and process variable control required for success in producing 0.25mm and smaller deposits....

Publisher: Nordson EFD

Nordson EFD

The world's leading designer and manufacturer of precision dispensing systems that apply accurate, consistent amounts of the adhesives, sealants, lubricants and other assembly fluids used in virtually every manufacturing process.

East Providence, Rhode Island, United States

Adhesives/Dispensing

First Principles of Solder Reflow

Dec 18, 2006 | John Vivari / EFD Inc.

Many solder users have preconceived notions and worries involving reflow profiling guidelines. Year after year of reading profiling recommendations in industry publications, from a litany of pundits, has made it clear that perfect profiles exist and should be sought after. They feel if the solder supplier gives them a tidy drawing on a piece of paper with times and temperatures that it will magically solve all their reflow problems. This is, unfortunately, an often incorrect assumption....

Publisher: Nordson EFD

Nordson EFD

The world's leading designer and manufacturer of precision dispensing systems that apply accurate, consistent amounts of the adhesives, sealants, lubricants and other assembly fluids used in virtually every manufacturing process.

East Providence, Rhode Island, United States

Adhesives/Dispensing

"High Reliability Products" What does it really take - A Test Perspective

Dec 04, 2006 | Subahu D. Desai

This paper will explore how test can be an integral part of manufacturing to assure High Reliability Products. We will discuss how test parameters and test techniques are effective in finding time zero vs. time dependent defects. Understanding of manufacturing processes in terms defect levels as well as defect types is very critical in defining test parameters, new test techniques and test alternatives. This ultimately can improve the yield, quality, and reliability. We will discuss the types of defects, time zero vs. time dependent defects, test parameters and effectiveness and new test techniques to find time dependent defects....

Publisher: i3 Electronics

i3 Electronics

A world leader in high-performance PCB fabrication & assembly, semiconductor packaging, systems integration & test, advanced laboratory services and contract R&D.

Endicott, New York, United States

Manufacturer of Bare PCBs, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Assembly, Component Packaging, Contract Manufacturer

Organic Flip Chip Packages for Use in Military and Aerospace Applications

Nov 14, 2006 | David Alcoe, Kim Blackwell and Irving Memis, Endicott NY

Content: 1. Bridge from Commercial Reliability 2. Existing PBGA use in Aerospace & Military 3. Drivers: Plastic versus Ceramic Package Weight 4. Attributes of PTFE and Thin Core FC Packages 5. Flip Chip Package Reliability 6. Flip Chip Package ...

Publisher: i3 Electronics

i3 Electronics

A world leader in high-performance PCB fabrication & assembly, semiconductor packaging, systems integration & test, advanced laboratory services and contract R&D.

Endicott, New York, United States

Manufacturer of Bare PCBs, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Assembly, Component Packaging, Contract Manufacturer

Improvement of Organic Packaging Thermal Cycle Performance Measurement

Nov 01, 2006 | Glenn O. Dearing, Paul J. Hart

Flip Chip Plastic Ball Grid Array (FCPBGA) modules, when subjected to extreme environmental stress testing, may often reveal mechanical and electrical failure mechanisms which may not project to the field application environment. One such test can be the Deep Thermal Cycle (DTC) environmental stress which cycles from -55°C to 125°C. This “hammer” test provides the customer with a level of security for robustness, but does not typically represent conditions which a module is likely to experience during normal handling and operation....

Publisher: IBM Corporation

IBM Corporation

International Business Machines Corporation is a multinational technology. IBM manufactures computer hardware and software, offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services.

Armonk, New York, United States

Other, Software Manufacturer

Tombstone Troubleshooting

Oct 26, 2006 | Michael Forti, Applications/Process Engineer, EFD

There have been many studies of the causes of tombstoning; some published, some not. They tend to focus on a single process parameter as the root cause of tombstoning. However, there is no single process change that is a sure cure for tombstoning! Those that claim otherwise are either uninformed or trying to sell you something. Rather than limiting your view to a single solution, EFD recommends you heed all of the studies. Like pieces of a puzzle, each study does not reveal the whole picture, but looked at all together, the picture is clear....

Publisher: Nordson EFD

Nordson EFD

The world's leading designer and manufacturer of precision dispensing systems that apply accurate, consistent amounts of the adhesives, sealants, lubricants and other assembly fluids used in virtually every manufacturing process.

East Providence, Rhode Island, United States

Adhesives/Dispensing

Assembly And Reliability Issues Associated With Leadless Chip Scale Packages

Oct 02, 2006 | Michael Meilunas of Universal Instruments Corporation, Binghamton, NY; Muffadal Mukadam, and Hari Srihari of Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY

This paper addresses the assembly and reliability of 0.5 mm pitch leadless Chip Scale Packages (CSP) on .062" immersion Ag plated printed circuit boards (PCB) using Pb-free solder paste. Four different leadless CSP designs were studied and each was evaluated using multiple PCB attachment pad designs....

Publisher: Universal Instruments

Universal Instruments

Provider of circuit, semiconductor, back-end assembly technologies and equipment, as well as integrated system solutions to manufacturers in various sectors of the electronics industry.

Conklin, New York, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

Evaluating Soldering Irons for Lead Free Assembly -A Quantitative Approach

Sep 06, 2006 | Purnanand G. Samant, Srikanth Poranki, & Daryl Santos, Ph.D,

Transition to lead free solder stations in electronics packaging has raised issues regarding process, metallurgy and reliability m assemblies. In regards to soldering, lead has been used for thousands of years in a wide range of applications. Conventional eutectic or near eutectic tin-lead solder compositions have been used for virtually all soldering applications in electronics assembly for the last 50 years, In the electronics assembly process, a majority of commercial rework applications and some low density board assembly processes require hand soldering stations (...) This paper describes an attempt to quantify both qualitative and quantitative data that can aid in the evaluation of lead free soldering irons....

Publisher: T.J. Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science

T.J. Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science

A world-class institution, Binghamton University offers students a broad, interdisciplinary education with an international perspective and one of the most vibrant research programs in the nation.

Binghamton, New York, United States

Training / Education

Design For Test Considerations For PCB Design

Jul 14, 2006 | Zulki Khan, president and founder, Nexlogic, Inc.

The perennial question in electronics design and manufacture is: "How do I design a printed circuit board (PCB) so that it can be properly tested?" To achieve this objective, there are a number of design-for-test (DFT) considerations and techniques. Some are major, others, minor. However, the total contributes to a highly effective PCB design so that testing procedures applied to a given design result in high 90 percent plus test coverage....

Publisher: NexLogic Tech, Inc.

NexLogic Tech, Inc.

Nexlogic is a premier provider for all PCB Design, PCB Layout, PCB Fabrication, PCB Assembly, Contract Manufacturing and RoHS and Lead Free (Pb- Free) compliant services.

San Jose, California, United States

Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Assembly, Design, Repair/Rework, Contract Manufacturer

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Flip Chip Underfill

PCB Storage