Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


  • Europlacer SMT Pick & Place Machines
  • Reflow Ovens
  • Precision, fluid dispensing systems for low volume, high mix, R&D, and high volume 24x7 production
  • Electronics manufacturing training materials - IPC, solder
  • PCB Rework Tools
824 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Power Supply Control from PCB to Chip Core

Jun 30, 2010 | Nur Devnani, Eileen Murray

As silicon technology advances to enable higher density ASICs, the core logic voltage decreases. The lower voltage, in combination with higher current requirements, requires tighter tolerances on the power supplies. The control of the power supplies from the PCB to the die is the subject of this study. A frequency sweep simulation using typical bypass values shows that a discrete package capacitor is not a significant factor in reducing the chip core power supply fluctuation. A small voltage boost at the PCB supply can provide a more economical solution to managing the device supplies....

Publisher: Avago Technologies

Avago Technologies

Leading designer, developer and global supplier of a broad range of analog semiconductor devices.

San Jose, California, USA

Manufacturer of Components

Conductive Adhesives Increase Microchip Packaging Density

Jun 24, 2010 | Jakob Gakkestad, Per Dalsjo, Helge Kristiansen, Rolf Johannessen, and Maaike M.V. Taklo

Cost-effective assembly of custom-designed microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for medium-caliber fuzes is challenging. In particular, the environment must have a setback acceleration exceeding 60,000g and centripetal acceleration of 9000g/mm out of center in a 30mm173 projectile. In addition, the space available is very limited. The traditional approach is to mount the MEMS chip in a package that is then soldered to the printed circuit board (PCB). However, by mounting the MEMS chip directly to the PCB using conductive adhesive, we can increase the packaging density while reducing manufacturing cost....

Publisher: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

An international society advancing an interdisciplinary approach to the science and application of light.

Bellingham, Washington, USA

Association, Non-Profit

Next-Generation Test Equipment For High-Volume Wafer Production

Jun 23, 2010 | Kay Gastinger, Odd Løvhaugen

Quality control is one of the main bottlenecks in the production of micro-opto-electromechanical systems/microelectromechanical systems (MOEMS/MEMS) because each structure on a wafer is serially inspected and scanned stepwise over the entire wafer area. ...

Publisher: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

An international society advancing an interdisciplinary approach to the science and application of light.

Bellingham, Washington, USA

Association, Non-Profit

Effect Of Squeegee Blade On Solder Paste Print Quality

Jun 17, 2010 | Rita Mohanty, Bill Claiborne; Speedline Technologies | Frank Andres; Cookson Electronics

The solder paste deposition process is viewed by many in the industry as the leading contributor of defects in the Surface Mount Technology (SMT) assembly process. As with all manufacturing processes, solder paste printing is subject to both special and common cause variation. Just like using graduated cylinders from distinctly different manufacturing processes to measure a volume of liquid, using different blades types can contribute significant special cause variation to a process. Understanding the significant differences in print performance between blade types is an important first step to establishing a standard blade for an SMT process....

Publisher: Speedline Technologies, Inc.

Speedline Technologies, Inc.

Speedline Technologies serves the electronics assembly and semiconductor packaging industries with class-leading equipment, responsive support and unparalleled process knowledge.

Franklin, Massachusetts, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Adhesives/Dispensing, Cleaning, Screen Printing, Soldering

Validity of the IPC R.O.S.E. Method 2.3.25 Researched

Jun 10, 2010 | Mike Bixenman, Steve Stach

This paper researches the effectiveness of the R.O.S.E. cleanliness testing process for dissolving and measuring ionic contaminants from boards soldered with no-clean and lead-free flux technologies....

Publisher: KYZEN Corporation

KYZEN Corporation

A leading supplier of precision cleaning chemistries to the worldwide electronics, metal finishing, medical, semiconductor, and optical industries.

Nashville, Tennessee, USA

Cleaning

Strategies for Designing Microwave Multilayer Printed Circuit Boards Using Stripline Structures

Jun 03, 2010 | Thomas McCarthy, Sean Reynolds, Jon Skelly

Strategies for successful design and manufacture of microwave multilayer printed circuit boards. All aspects from pad registration, dimensional stability, impedance fluctuation, fusion bonding, thermal ageing, z-axis expansion, reliability, to Young's mod...

Publisher: Taconic

Taconic

Provider of solution for RF, microvave, and high-speed, digital circuitry design.

Petersburgh, New York, USA

Design

The Reliability Challenges of QFN Packaging

May 27, 2010 | Randy Kong, Cheryl Tulkoff, Craig Hillman (presented at: SMTA China East Conference 2010)

The quad flat pack no lead or quad flat non-leaded (QFN) is one of the fastest growing package types in the electronics industry today. While the advantages of QFNs are well documented, concerns arise with its reliability and manufacturability. Acceptance of this package, especially in long-life, severe-environment, high-reliability applications, is currently limited. One of the most common drivers for reliability failures is inappropriate adoption of new technologies, such as the case with QFN. In this presentation, we will review and discuss QFN related reliability concerns and challenges, and propose Physics-of-Failure (PoF) based approaches to allow the confident introduction of QFN components into electronics products....

Publisher: DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions has world-renowned expertise in applying the science of Reliability Physics to electrical and electronics technologies, and is a leading provider of quality, reliability, and durability (QRD) research and consulting for the electronics industry.

College Park, Maryland, USA

Service Provider

FlyScan: Wenn eins plus eins mehr als zwei ist

May 24, 2010 | Bernd Hauptmann – Sales Manager Seica Deutschland GmbH

Die echte Integration zwischen ATE Flying Prober und Boundary Scan Tester, vorgestellt von Seica, kombiniert das Beste von beiden Testtechniken und multipliziert die Vorteile für den Anwender....

Publisher: SEICA SpA

SEICA SpA

SEICA offers innovative ATE solutions which range from Bare Board Test, Flying Probe Systems, In-Circuit and Combi Test to Functional Test.

Strambino, Italy

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Test Services

Testing Digital Designs – The Boundary-scan Balance

May 20, 2010 | James Stanbridge, Steve Lees

As several industry pundits have expressed in recent years: "the era of 'one test method fits all' seems well behind us." For most test managers with even a modest mix of products, trying to formulate a test policy/philosophy has become a tricky balancing act at the best of times. James Stanbridge, Sales Manager UK for JTAG Technologies, and Steve Lees Managing Director of ATE Solutions look at the options....

Publisher: JTAG Technologies B. V.

JTAG Technologies B. V.

Market leader and technology innovator of boundary scan software and hardware products and services.

Eindhoven , Netherlands

Test Services, Software Manufacturer

Leaded and Lead-Free Solder Paste Evaluation Screening Procedure

May 12, 2010 | Ronald C. Lasky, Ph.D., PE; Indium Corporation of America Daryl Santos, Ph.D., Aniket A. Bhave; Binghamton University

Numerous studies have shown that greater than 60% of end of line defects in SMT assembly can be traced to solder paste and the printing process. Reflowing adds another 15% or so. In light of this fact, it is surprising that no simplified procedure for solder paste evaluation has been documented. This paper is about such a procedure....

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Effect Of Board Clamping System On Solder Paste Print Quality

May 06, 2010 | Dr. Rita Mohanty; Speedline Technologies, Rajiv L. Iyer, Daryl Santos; Binghamton University

Stencil printing technology has come a long way since the early 80’s when SMT process gained importance in the electronics packaging industry. In those early days, components were fairly large, making the board design and printing process relatively simple. The current trend in product miniaturization has led to smaller and more complex board designs. This has resulted into designs with maximum area utilization of the board space. It is not uncommon, especially for hand held devices, to find components only a few millimeters from the edge of the board. The board clamping systems used in the printing process have become a significant area of concern based on the current board design trend....

Publisher: Speedline Technologies, Inc.

Speedline Technologies, Inc.

Speedline Technologies serves the electronics assembly and semiconductor packaging industries with class-leading equipment, responsive support and unparalleled process knowledge.

Franklin, Massachusetts, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Adhesives/Dispensing, Cleaning, Screen Printing, Soldering

Effects of Reflow Profile and Thermal Conditioning on Intermetallic Compound Thickness for SnAgCu Soldered Joints

Apr 29, 2010 | Jianbiao Pan, Tzu-Chien Chou, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, Brian J. Toleno

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of reflow time, reflow peak temperature, thermal shock and thermal aging on the intermetallic compound (IMC) thickness for Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu (SAC305) soldered joints....

Publisher: Flex (Flextronics International)

Flex (Flextronics International)

Flextronics is a global full-service supplier of a full spectrum of value-added Electronic Manufacturing Services.

Singapore, Singapore

Design, Service Provider

An Effective Design of Experiment Strategy to Optimize SMT Processes

Apr 22, 2010 | Ronald C. Lasky, Ph.D., PE, Professor Daryl Santos, Ph.D., Joseph R. Cloyd

It is now widely accepted that using designed experiments is the most effective way to optimize surface mount technology (SMT) processes. This situation begs the question "what is an effective strategy in implementing this powerful tool?" This paper will present such a strategy that incorporates Taguchi's approach for screening, full factorial analysis for optimization and central composite design for precise modeling. We will present these techniques using MINITABTM Release 13 statistical software and printed circuit board industry applications....

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Case study: Improving PCBA Yield

Apr 22, 2010 | Subrat Prajapati

Current situation: Present Rejection = 18%.

Sigma Level = 2.42

Scope of Project: Vendor PCB Assembly to Functional Testing of PCBA...

Publisher: Larsen Toubro Medical Equipment & Systems Ltd

Larsen Toubro Medical Equipment & Systems Ltd

Medical Equipment Design and manufacturing

Mysore, India

OEM

Ceramic to Plastic Packaging

Apr 15, 2010 | Michael D. Frederickson, EMPF Director; Barry Thaler, Ph.D. EMPF Technical Director Empfasis Technical Editor; Paul Bratt, Empfasis Editor.

As electronic products increase in functionality and complexity, there is an emphasis on affordability, miniaturization, and energy efficiency. The telecommunications, automotive, and commercial electronic markets are the leading drivers for these trends. These markets see high volume manufacturing with millions of units priced to the fraction of the cent. The choice of the packaging material for the electrical components for these markets can have a substantial effect on the cost of the final product. Therefore plastic encapsulated components are almost universally used in non-military applications over the conventional ceramic or metal electronic packages....

Publisher: Electronics Manufacturing Productivity Facility (EMPF)

Electronics Manufacturing Productivity Facility (EMPF)

The EMPF serves as a corporate residence of expertise in electronics manufacturing.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Other

Thick Film Polymer Resistors Embedded in Printed Circuit Boards

Apr 15, 2010 | Lynne Dellis, M S Chan, Tom Dueber, Shane Fang, John Summers; DuPont Electronic Technologies

The high level of current interest in embedded passives in printed circuit boards is driven by the tremendous pressure to pack more circuitry into smaller spaces. However, adoption has been limited due to design, prototyping and infrastructure issues, as well as the stability and tolerances necessary for widespread replacement of discretes. The focus of this work has been to develop a polymer thick film resistor technology to incorporate reliable organic resistors inside printed wiring boards using standard PWB processing....

Publisher: DuPont

DuPont

World's most dynamic science company, creating sustainable solutions for a better, safer and healthier life.

Wilmington, Delaware, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Components/Substrates, Laminates

Shedding Light on Machine Vision

Apr 07, 2010 | Microscan

For effective machine vision, the first step in devising a vision system should be the lighting. This paper reviews important criteria for setting up an effective lighting system....

Publisher: Microscan

Microscan

Microscan focuses on technologies of automatic identification, machine vision, and illumination with application solutions ranging from basic barcode reading up to complex machine vision inspection, gauging, and measurement.

Renton, Washington, USA

Inspection

Drop Impact Reliability of Edge-bonded Lead-free Chipscale Packages

Mar 30, 2010 | Andrew Farris, Jianbiao Pan, Albert Liddicoat, Michael Krist, Nicholas Vickers, Brian J.Toleno, Dan Maslyk, Dongkai Shangguan, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, David A. Geiger.

This paper presents the drop test reliability results for edge-bonded 0.5mm pitch lead-free chip scale packages (CSPs) on a standard JEDEC drop reliability test board....

Publisher: Flex (Flextronics International)

Flex (Flextronics International)

Flextronics is a global full-service supplier of a full spectrum of value-added Electronic Manufacturing Services.

Singapore, Singapore

Design, Service Provider

Stencil Design Using Regression:Following IPC 7525 a Way Better

Mar 25, 2010 | Subrat Prajapati; Process Engineering Larsen & Toubro Limited, Medical Equipment and Systems (EBG)

The complexity of Printed Circuit Assembly process is increasing day by day and causing productivity issues in the industry, introducing ultra fine pitch components (pitch less than 15mil) in PCA is a challenge to minimize risk of defects as solder short, dry solder. This paper is focusing on minimizing these defects....

Publisher: Larsen Toubro Medical Equipment & Systems Ltd

Larsen Toubro Medical Equipment & Systems Ltd

Medical Equipment Design and manufacturing

Mysore, India

OEM

SMT Stencil Design And Consideration Base on IPC

Mar 23, 2010 | Cuong Tran, Process Engineer

This document discuss how to design SMT stencil base on IPC-7525. Introduction: PCBA (Printed Circuit Board Assembly) is a segment of printed circuit board technology. This segment of printed circuit board industry is concentrated in assemble all the pieces of electronic industry to one piece before output them to market. This segment covers: interconnection technology, package design technology, system integration technology, board and system test technology...

Publisher: Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC)

Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC)

IPC is the trade association for the printed wiring board and electronics assembly industries.

Bannockburn, Illinois, USA

Association, Non-Profit, Events Organizer

DOE for Process Validation Involving Numerous Assembly Materials and Test Methods.

Mar 18, 2010 | Renee Michalkiewicz, Gaylon Morris; Trace Laboratories, Inc., Simin Bagheri; Celestica, Inc.

Selecting products that have been qualified by industry standards for use in printed circuit board assembly processes is an accepted best practice. That products which have been qualified, when used in combinations not specifically qualified, may have resultant properties detrimental to assembly function though, is often not adequately understood. Printed circuit boards, solder masks, soldering materials (flux, paste, cored wire, rework flux, paste flux, etc.), adhesives, and inks, when qualified per industry standards, are qualified using very specific test methods which may not adequately mimic the assembly process ultimately used....

Publisher: Trace Laboratories

Trace Laboratories

An internationally accredited, full service testing and analysis company providing design studies, failure analyses, product/material qualifications, safety inspections, and consulting services

Hunt Valley, Maryland, USA

Test Services

Screening for Counterfeit Electronic Components

Mar 11, 2010 | Stephen Schoppe, Glenn Robertson - SMTAI Proceedings

Counterfeit products have been a growing problem worldwide, and the electronics industry has been no exception. Authentication of electronic components by electrical and physical testing can provide a cost-effective means of risk management, aimed at keeping counterfeits out of the supply chain. In this presentation, we will review sources of counterfeit components, and discuss the capabilities and limitations of test processes used for authentication. We will then present examples of component authentication using these tools....

Publisher: Process Sciences, Inc.

Process Sciences, Inc.

Surface Attach services: BGA rework, X-ray inspection, Reballing, Failure Analysis Lab services, SMT Process Training & Consulting.

Leander, Texas, USA

Components/Substrates, Repair/Rework, Soldering, Test Services, Consultant

Aiming for High First-pass Yields in a Lead-free Environment

Mar 04, 2010 | Mario Scalzo Senior Technical Support Engineer CSMTPE, Six Sigma Black Belt, Indium

While the electronics manufacturing industry has been occupied with the challenge of RoHS compliance and with it, Pb-free soldering, established trends of increasing functionality and miniaturization have continued. The increasing use of ultra-fine pitch and area-array devices presents challenges in both printing and flux technology. With the decrease in both the size and the pitch of said components, new problems may arise, such as head-in-pillow and graping defects...

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Building Differentiated Products Through Shorter, More Predictable Design Cycles.

Feb 25, 2010 | Cadence

This paper will focus on two challenges: building differentiated products, which can enable systems companies to quickly penetrate a market, take a leadership position, and effectively counter or displace any competition; and build them faster. Clear differentiation also allows a superior value proposition, which will enable a stronger position on pricing with less need to circum to eroding ASPs. Differentiation can involve many factors, but this paper will focus on those related to the technology impact/usage that directly enables the design of products with shorter, more predictable design cycles compared to the competition....

Publisher: Cadence Design Systems, Inc.

Cadence Design Systems, Inc.

World's leading EDA company.

San Jose, California, USA

Design

Reworking QFN's Newly Developed Cost Effective Approach

Feb 18, 2010 | Best Inc

This paper describes a new rework process for leadless devices where the devices can be manually placed without relying on capital equipment....

Publisher: BEST Inc.

BEST Inc.

BEST offers professional rework, repair and prototype builds of PCBs. Our experienced instructors teach professional soldering classes as we are an IPC certified training center.

Rolling Meadows, Illinois, USA

Repair/Rework, Soldering, IPC Standards Certification Center, Service Provider, Training Provider

Developing An Effective, Fast-Curing, Environmentally Sound Conformal Coating

Feb 10, 2010 | Phil Kinner; HumiSeal Europe

The electronics industry has recently undertaken the transition to lead-free processing as a direct consequence of the RoHS directive, which came into force in July 2006. However, this is unlikely to be the last transition required since the European Solvent Emissions Directive, 1999 is starting to be implemented and enforced by national governments. This is resulting in pressure on larger manufacturers, currently emitting more than 5 tonnes of solvent vapour per annum to take steps to limit and reduce their emissions....

Publisher: Chase Electronic Coatings

Chase Electronic Coatings

HumiSeal is manufactured by Chase Electronic Coatings, an operating division of Chase Corporation and produces conformal coatings from all chemistries, including acrylics, urethanes and silicones, both water based and UV curable.

Westwood, Massachusetts, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Adhesives/Dispensing

Optimizing the Clean-Tech Manufacturing Mix

Feb 03, 2010 | OCM Manufacturing

This paper will consider the unique characteristics of the renewable energy and clean-tech sectors and explore how a smartly optimized electronics manufacturing outsourcing model can help OEMs accelerate their timeto- market and support their cost-per-kilowatt reduction goals....

Publisher: OCM Manufacturing

OCM Manufacturing

We provide a high-quality, one-stop resource, from electronics prototyping to design for manufacturing, test design, assembly, supply chain management, managed offshoring, and after-market support.

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Contract Manufacturer

The Universal PCB Design Grid System

Jan 27, 2010 | Valor Computerized Systems

This paper reviews one of the single most important, but sometimes overlooked or taken for granted, aspects of the electronics industry – The PCB Design Grid System...

Publisher: Valor Computerised Systems Ltd

Valor Computerised Systems Ltd

Valor develops software solutions for electronics product design analysis, simulation and optimisation of PCB assembly, and manufacturing operations management to increase productivity, yield and quality and accelerate product innovation.

Yavne , Israel

Software Manufacturer

Trace, Track and Control: High Production Output at Low Costs

Jan 19, 2010 | François Monette, Cogiscan Inc. and Matt Van Bogart, Microscan Systems, Inc.

Learn how Trace, Track and Control (TTC) solutions help manufacturers cut cost, cut waste, automate critical manufacturing processes, and increase yields—all critical elements in today’s economic environment....

Publisher: Microscan

Microscan

Microscan focuses on technologies of automatic identification, machine vision, and illumination with application solutions ranging from basic barcode reading up to complex machine vision inspection, gauging, and measurement.

Renton, Washington, USA

Inspection

Micro-Sectioning of PCBs for Failure Analysis

Jan 13, 2010 | Bob Wettermann

Micro-sectioning (sometimes referred to as cross-sectioning)is a technique, used to characterize materials or to perform a failure mode analysis, for exposing an internal section of a PCB or package. Destructive in nature, cross-sectioning requires encapsulation of the specimen in order to provide support, stability, and protection. Failures that can be investigated through micro-sectional analysis include component defects, thermo-mechanical failures, processing failures related to solder reflow, opens or shorts, voiding and raw material evaluations....

Publisher: BEST Inc.

BEST Inc.

BEST offers professional rework, repair and prototype builds of PCBs. Our experienced instructors teach professional soldering classes as we are an IPC certified training center.

Rolling Meadows, Illinois, USA

Repair/Rework, Soldering, IPC Standards Certification Center, Service Provider, Training Provider

Advanced Thermal Interface Materials for Enhanced Flip Chip BGA

Jan 06, 2010 | Punit Kohli, Martin Sobczak, Jeff Bowin, Michael Matthews - Henkel / Ablestik Laboratories

Increased functionality and performance requirements for microprocessors and ASICs have resulted in a trend to package these devices in the flip-chip BGA form factor (FCBGA). Because these devices use in excess of 40-100 Watts of power, their packages must dissipate heat in an extremely efficient manner. Most semiconductor companies have developed some type of thermally enhanced FCBGA package that provides heat dissipation through the back of the die to a heat spreader....

Publisher: Henkel Electronic Materials

Henkel Electronic Materials

Henkel is a manufacturer of materials for PCB and component assembly. The materials include Loctite adhesives, Multicore soldering products, Hysol encaps and underfills, and Power Devices thermal phase change pads.

Irvine, California, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material

Horizontal Convection Reflow Technology Defined

Dec 23, 2009 | APS Novastar

Leading up to the development of lead-free soldering alloys, Horizontal Convection* was developed for the reflow process. Getting the correct temperature profile, with the narrow process window in lead-free applications, is now more important than ever. In each chamber or “zone”, air is circulated toward one side of the oven above the PCB and toward the opposite side of the oven below the PCB, forming a “cyclone” around the board. The forced air circulation results in a uniform temperature profile along the entire circuit board assembly. This technology is ideal for the precise profiles needed for lead free soldering....

Publisher: DDM Novastar

DDM Novastar

Turnkey SMT assembly solutions, manual & automated stencil printers, manual & automatic pick & place systems with dispensers, wave solder & selective solder machines, lead free solder reflow ovens, component counters, & thru-hole

King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Pick and Place, Screen Printing, Soldering, Turnkey

Why Switch From Pure DI-Water to Chemistry

Dec 22, 2009 | Dr. Harald Wack, Umut Tosun, M.S.Chem.Eng., Dr. Joachim Becht, Dr. Helmut Schweigart

While most cleaning applications in the North American market rely on cleaning with DI-water only, for removing OA fluxes in first place, recent market studies show that water has reached its limitations in cleaning performance while favoring usage of aqueous processes. The term aqueous implies the use of aqueous-based chemistries with active ingredients and are usually diluted with DI-water. The nature of these active ingredients in the aqueous chemistries varies between manufacturer and his R&D knowledge. ...

Publisher: ZESTRON Americas

ZESTRON Americas

The globally leading provider of high precision cleaning products, services and training solutions in the electronics and semiconductor manufacturing industries.

Manassas, Virginia, USA

Cleaning, Test Services, Training Provider

The Basics of Soldering

Dec 14, 2009 | Chris Nash, Indium Corporation

In this article, I will present a basic overview of soldering for those who are new to the world of soldering and for those who could use a refresher. I will discuss the definition of soldering, the basics of metallurgy, how to choose the proper alloy, the purpose of a flux, soldering temperatures, and typical heating sources for soldering operations....

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Solder Preform Basics

Dec 14, 2009 | Paul A. Socha, Indium Corporation.

Solder paste is the most recognized form of solder used in electronics assembly today. A surface mount application depends on solder paste to attach the components to the circuit board. However, solder paste may not be the only solution. This is especially true when working with through-hole components or very large devices that require more solder than can be supplied by printed solder paste. In fact, quite often a PCB involves mixed technology that requires more than one form of solder. Solder paste is used for the surface mount components and solder preforms are utilized to attach the leads on through-hole components, avoiding wave or selective soldering....

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Thermal Profiling: A Practical Approach to Reflow Profiling

Dec 14, 2009 | Liyakathali Koorithodi, Indium Corporation

In the lead-free era, thermal profiling has a critical role in the SMT assembly process. We discuss the profiling, tools, practical issues, and inspection methods of golden boards, and related tools. As the process window narrows, profiling equipment and/or thermocouple (TC) errors must be taken into consideration. In addition, the accuracy and attachment method of the thermocouple will significantly impact critical assemblies....

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

Utica, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Recommendations for Installing Flash LEDs on Flex Circuits

Dec 09, 2009 | Shereen Lim

For the mobile market some PCB assemblies have been converted to flex circuit assemblies, in part because flex circuit assembly can be twisted or bent per the application needs. Flex circuits offer the same advantages as conventional printed circuit boards: quality, reliability, and high density....

Publisher: Avago Technologies

Avago Technologies

Leading designer, developer and global supplier of a broad range of analog semiconductor devices.

San Jose, California, USA

Manufacturer of Components

Considerations for High Speed PCB Track Design in 10Gb/s Serial Data Transmission

Dec 09, 2009 | Steve Bowers and Dr Herbert Lage Applications Engineering Avago Technologies Fiber Optic Products Division

A fundamental evaluation of a variety of approaches for designing a high-speed (10 Gb/s) serial differential electrical channel is examined. The application of the electrical interface has been simulated using HSpice software. It demonstrated how the signal quality could be affected by the use of microstrip versus stripline traces and their associated advantages and disadvantages is discussed. Example XFI channels were assembled from the simulation results to demonstrate viability of the application....

Publisher: Avago Technologies

Avago Technologies

Leading designer, developer and global supplier of a broad range of analog semiconductor devices.

San Jose, California, USA

Manufacturer of Components

BGA Package Component Reliability After Long-Term Storage

Dec 03, 2009 | R. Key, B. Lange, R. Madsen

This paper provides additional data in support of shelf life extension for BGA and Die Size BGA (DSBGA) Packages....

Publisher: Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments Incorporated provides innovative DSP and analog technologies to meet our customers real world signal processing requirements. In addition to Semiconductor, the company includes the Educational & Productivity Solutions business. T

Dallas, Texas, USA

Manufacturer of Components

Component Reliability After Long Term Storage

Dec 03, 2009 | R. R. Madsen

Each year the semiconductor industry routes a significant volume of devices to recycling sites for no reliability or quality rationale beyond the fact that those devices were stored on a warehouse shelf for two years. This study identifies the key risks attributed to extended storage of devices in uncontrolled indoor environments and the risk mitigation required to permit safe shelf-life extension....

Publisher: Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments Incorporated provides innovative DSP and analog technologies to meet our customers real world signal processing requirements. In addition to Semiconductor, the company includes the Educational & Productivity Solutions business. T

Dallas, Texas, USA

Manufacturer of Components

Sustaining a Robust Fine Feature Printing Process

Nov 24, 2009 | George Babka; Assembléon, David Sbiroli, Chris Anglin; Indium Corporation, Richard Brooks, Christopher Associates

With the introduction of 01005 chip components and 0.3 mm pitch CSP devices, electronic component packaging is pushing surface mount technology to the limits of its potential. Miniaturization is driving the electronics industry to implement the smallest and tightest pitch components in order to meet their customer demands. But how much miniaturization is possible before there is a paradigm shift in the technology? At what point is solder paste no longer viable? How small of a feature can be printed with solder paste, and can this process be implemented into a production environment?...

Publisher: Assembléon

Assembléon

Assembleon manufactures a range of Surface Mount Technology (SMT) placement equipment, Pick & Place Machines and provides related services.

LA VELDHOVEN, Netherlands

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

SMT Placement for ICs, Connectors and Odd-Shaped Components

Nov 18, 2009 | Gerry Padnos Director of Technology, Juki Automation Systems.

Accurate component placement is a basic requirement for any pick and place machine. The first step towards accurate placement is accurate centering, or measurement of the component’s position on the placement head. One of the most widely used centering methods for ICs, connectors, and odd‐shaped components are a camera based system that measures the component position relative to a known point. Camera based centering systems include three main elements: lighting, camera, and software. Each of these elements are critical to obtaining an accurate measurement of the component and ultimately for accurate component placement on the PCB. As the old adage goes, the system is only as strong as its weakest link....

Publisher: Juki Automation Systems

Juki Automation Systems

Juki is one of the worlds leading SMT placement companies with over 25000 machines installed worldwide and is the pioneer of the modular automated assembly line.

Morrisville , North Carolina, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Inspection, Pick and Place, Screen Printing, Soldering

Head-in-Pillow BGA Defects

Nov 05, 2009 | Karl F. Seelig.

Head-in-pillow (HiP), also known as ball-and-socket, is a solder joint defect where the solder paste deposit wets the pad, but does not fully wet the ball. This results in a solder joint with enough of a connection to have electrical integrity, but lacking sufficient mechanical strength. Due to the lack of solder joint strength, these components may fail with very little mechanical or thermal stress. This potentially costly defect is not usually detected in functional testing, and only shows up as a failure in the field after the assembly has been exposed to some physical or thermal stress....

Publisher: AIM Solder

AIM Solder

AIM is a leading global manufacturer of tin-lead and lead-free solder assembly materials for the electronics industry.

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Effects of an Appropriate PCB Layout and Soldering Nozzle Design on Quality and Cost Structure in Selective Soldering Processes

Oct 29, 2009 | Reiner Zoch, Product Manager Christian Ott, Sales and Project Manager SEHO Systems GmbH

The globalization of markets results in stronger competition with clearly noticeably cost pressure. For companies producing electronic equipment it is therefore of existential importance to reduce production costs whilst maintaining a consistently high quality level of the manufactured products. Manual repair soldering that is expensive, time-consuming and cost intensive is already unacceptable due to the required quality and the reproducibility of the whole manufacturing process....

Publisher: SEHO Systems GmbH

SEHO Systems GmbH

SEHO develops and manufactures reflow, selective and wave soldering machines for the electronics industry. Since its foundation in 1976, SEHO is worldwide THE contact partner whenever soldering is involved.

Kreuzwertheim, Germany

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Soldering

Conforming To a Higher Standard of Reliability

Oct 22, 2009 | Phil Kinner

An electronic product's reliability has the potential to make or break its manufacturer and can be life-threatening in many safety critical applications. Conformal coatings have long been used to protect electronic assemblies from their operating environment but can vary hugely in their protective performance. It is the objective of this article to explain in detail why it is important to qualify coating products to the relevant standards and how different coating types affect performance....

Publisher: Chase Electronic Coatings

Chase Electronic Coatings

HumiSeal is manufactured by Chase Electronic Coatings, an operating division of Chase Corporation and produces conformal coatings from all chemistries, including acrylics, urethanes and silicones, both water based and UV curable.

Westwood, Massachusetts, USA

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Adhesives/Dispensing

A Review of Models for Time-to-Failure Due to Metallic Migration Mechanisms

Oct 14, 2009 | Elissa Bumiller and Dr. Craig Hillman

Electrochemical migration (ECM) is defined as the growth of conductive metal filaments across a printed circuit board (PCB) in the presence of an electrolytic solution and a DC voltage bias. ECM, also known as dendritic growth, is a critical issue in the electronics industry because the intermittent failure behavior of ECM is a likely root-cause of the high occurrence of field failures identified as no trouble found (NTF)/could not duplicate (CND)...

Publisher: DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions

DfR Solutions has world-renowned expertise in applying the science of Reliability Physics to electrical and electronics technologies, and is a leading provider of quality, reliability, and durability (QRD) research and consulting for the electronics industry.

College Park, Maryland, USA

Service Provider

Resin Coated Copper Capacitive (RC3) Nanocomposites for System in a Package (SiP): Development of 3-8-3 structure

Oct 08, 2009 | Rabindra N. Das, Konstantinos I. Papathomas, Steven G. Rosser, Tim Antesberger, John M. Lauffer, Mark D. Poliks and Voya R. Markovich.

In the present study, we report novel ferroelectric-epoxy based polymer nanocomposites that have the potential to surpass conventional composites to produce thin film capacitors over large surface areas, having high capacitance density and low loss. Specifically, novel crack resistant and easy to handle Resin Coated Copper Capacitive (RC3) nanocomposites capable of providing bulk decoupling capacitance for a conventional power-power core, or for a three layer Voltage-Ground-Voltage type power core, is described....

Publisher: i3 Electronics

i3 Electronics

A world leader in high-performance PCB fabrication & assembly, semiconductor packaging, systems integration & test, advanced laboratory services and contract R&D.

Endicott, New York, USA

Manufacturer of Bare PCBs, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Assembly, Component Packaging, Contract Manufacturer

The Environmental Cost of Green

Sep 30, 2009 | Aqueous Technologies Corporation

Being involved in the electronics assembly industry for more than 23 years, specifically in the field of defluxing and cleanliness testing, I have seen my share of environmental regulations. Long before the debate over lead-free alloys, there was the Montreal Protocol....

Publisher: Aqueous Technologies Corporation

Aqueous Technologies Corporation

Manufacturer of aqueous-based defluxing equipment, cleanliness testing equipment, and stencil cleaning equipment.

Rancho Cucamonga, California, USA

Cleaning

Optimizing Batch Cleaning Process Parameters for Removing Lead-Free Flux Residues on Populated Circuit Assemblies

Sep 18, 2009 | Steve Stach, Austin American Corporation, Mike Bixenman, Kyzen Corporation

Electronic assembly cleaning processes are becoming increasingly more complex because of global environmental mandates and customer driven product performance requirements. Manufacturing strategies today require process equivalence. That is to say, if a product is made or modified in different locations or processes around the world, the result should be the same. If cleaning is a requirement, will existing electronic assembly cleaning processes meet the challenge? Innovative cleaning fluid and cleaning equipment designs provide improved functionality in both batch and continuous inline cleaning processes. The purpose of this designed experiment is to report optimized cleaning process parameters for removing lead-free flux residues on populated circuit assemblies using innovative cleaning fluid and batch cleaning equipment designs....

Publisher: Austin American Technology

Austin American Technology

Austin American Technology engineers and manufactures high performance cleaning systems. Our systems include batch and inline; aqueous and solvent; spray in air and spray under immersion with ultrasonics.

Burnet, Texas, USA

Cleaning

What Cannot Be Cleaned In a Stencil Cleaner

Sep 18, 2009 | Steve Stach, Austin American Technology

The stencil cleaner can be one of the most versatile tools on the manufacturing floor. It can be used to clean electronic modules in various stages of the manufacturing process. In fact, an automated stencil cleaner can clean just about anything you come up against in your PCB assembly process....

Publisher: Austin American Technology

Austin American Technology

Austin American Technology engineers and manufactures high performance cleaning systems. Our systems include batch and inline; aqueous and solvent; spray in air and spray under immersion with ultrasonics.

Burnet, Texas, USA

Cleaning

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