Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


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589 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Determination of Copper Foil Surface Roughness from Micro-section Photographs

Apr 25, 2013 | Scott Hinaga, Soumya De, Aleksandr Y. Gafarov, Marina Y. Koledintseva, James L. Drewniak

Specification and control of surface roughness of copper conductors within printed circuit boards (PCBs) are increasingly desirable in multi-GHz designs as a part of signal-integrity failure analysis on high-speed PCBs. The development of a quality-assurance method to verify the use of foils with specified roughness grade during the PCB manufacturing process is also important... First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings....

Publisher: Cisco Systems, Inc.

Cisco Systems, Inc.

San Jose, CA, United States

Manufacturer's Rep

Cisco designs, manufactures, and sells Internet protocol (IP)-based networking and other products related to the communications and IT industry and provide services associated with these products.

Effect of Silicone Conformal Coating on Surface Insulation Resistance (SIR) For Printed Circuit Board Assemblies

Apr 18, 2013 | Carlos Montemayor

Conformal coatings are considered a method of providing corrosion protection to electrical assemblies used in high-humidity or harsh environments. They are applied to PCBs for various reasons: to protect from moisture and contamination, to minimize dendritic growth, to provide stress relief, and for insulation resistance. These contribute to more durable handling, enhanced device reliability, and reduced warranty costs. Increased miniaturization of new circuit board designs requires flexible, low stress coating material to protect delicate components and fine-pitch leads. Silicone conformal coatings offer many advantages that address the general trend of ongoing PCBs designs, such as: high flexibility and low modulus to reduce stress on delicate or small components... First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings....

Publisher: Dow Corning Corporation

Dow Corning Corporation

Midland, Michigan, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Cleaning, Components/Substrates

Supplier of surface mount adhesives, conformal coatings, gels/encapsulants, thermal management materials, high-purity precision cleaning fluids, & silicone removal agents.

“Near-Shoring” Electronics Manufacturing

Apr 12, 2013 | John Mayes, Managing Director - The Paragon Electronics Group

There is much to read about the shifting sands of electronics manufacturing, including current moves by OEMs to alter their EMS relationships to better mitigate risk and cost, while EMS companies look for additional ways in which to adjust their business models in an attempt to improve their profitability. Electronics outsourcing over time evolved from a means to buffer manufacturing demand fluctuations into a wide scale shift in capabilities, in part in order to deal with vastly shorter product life cycles. Following the global economic crash of 2000, aka “the internet bubble,” more and more EMS providers responded by transferring their manufacturing to low cost labour regions, and in particular China. ...

Publisher: JJS Electronics LTD

JJS Electronics LTD

Lutterworth, United Kingdom

Contract Manufacturer

We're an electronics manufacturing services (EMS) provider based in the UK and Czech Republic delivering reliable and cost-effective electronics assembly, including pcb assembly and test, in addition to electro-mechanical assembly

Component Obsolescence Still Driving the Counterfeit Market

Apr 12, 2013 | Ben Farrer, Business Development Manager, Vigilant Components

As change is inevitable, therefore so is obsolescence. In the electronics sector, stocks of components used in subassemblies will eventually run out, no surprise there! However on many occasions, particularly in the often long product life cycles associated with the traditional UK OEM’s in the industrial, military and medical sectors, to name but three, component supply gets ‘difficult’ long before the customers products themselves reach their ‘end of life’. Component manufacturers work to a commercial agenda; when the popularity of a specific device wanes, or indeed when new features are demanded by the market, they will cease production and redeploy their manufacturing capacity to devices that are being demanded by their high volume customers; the global players....

Publisher: Vigilant Components

Vigilant Components

Bedford, United Kingdom

Components/Substrates, Consultant

Vigilant Components is an independent, specialist electronic components sourcing company, offering high integrity component sourcing, component testing, component verification.

Be Vigilant: It’s a Jungle Out There

Apr 12, 2013 | Chris Johnson is Group Chief Executive of Paragon Electronics Ltd

Here Chris talks about the pitfalls, the paucity of safe options for manufacturers seeking rare components, and his exasperation with organisations that appear to shelve common sense at the first sign of a shortage. He shares his ‘no nonsense’ approach to getting things right first time, and explains his thinking in establishing an independent distributor focused exclusively on delivering 100% component integrity....

Publisher: Vigilant Components

Vigilant Components

Bedford, United Kingdom

Components/Substrates, Consultant

Vigilant Components is an independent, specialist electronic components sourcing company, offering high integrity component sourcing, component testing, component verification.

No-Clean Flux Residue and Underfill Compatibility Effects on Electrical Reliability

Apr 11, 2013 | Eric Bastow

With the explosion of growth in handheld electronics devices, manufacturers have been forced to look for ways to reinforce their assemblies against the inevitable bumps and drops that their products experience in the field. One method of reinforcement has been the utilization of underfills to "glue" certain SMDs to the PCB. Bumped SMDs attached to the PCB with a no-clean soldering process offer the unavoidable scenario of the underfill coming in contact with a flux residue. This may or may not create a reliability issue... First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings...

Publisher: Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation

Utica, New York, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Soldering

Solder pastes, solder preforms, solder spheres, soldering fluxes, electrically-conductive adhesives. All alloys: tin-lead, lead-free, indium alloys, and more.

IPC 9252A Electrical Test Considerations & Military Specifications versus Electrical Test

Apr 04, 2013 | Todd L Kolmodin, VP Quality

This paper will outline and define what requirements must be adhered to for the OEM community to truly achieve the IPC class product from the Electrical Test standpoint. This will include the test point optimization matrix, Isolation (shorts) parameters and Continuity (opens) parameters. This paper will also address the IPC Class III/A additional requirements for Aerospace and Military Avionics. The disconnect exists between OEMs understanding the requirements of their specific IPC class design versus the signature that will be presented from their design. This results in many Class III builds failing at Electrical Test... First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings...

Publisher: Gardien Services USA

Gardien Services USA

Hillsboro, Oregon, United States

Test Services

The Gardien Group is the world's largest provider of independent testing services to the PCB manufacturing industry.

Programmable Logic Controller vs Programmable Automation Controller

Apr 03, 2013 | Don Fitchett

PLC vs PAC Difference & PAC Automation Controller Defined: This PLC vs PAC Difference article defines the PAC automation controller in relationship to the PLC. A PLC vs PAC comparison. Even more importantly, this article explains in great detail the need to differentiate when it comes to requesting and delivering PAC and/or PLC training....

Publisher: Business Industrial Network

Business Industrial Network

St. Louis, Missouri, United States

Consultant, Publication or Online Resource, Service Provider, Software Manufacturer, Training / Education

Offers training software and videos. Also on site training and seminars that qualify for CEUs to maintenance, engineering and management professionals.

A Designed Experiment for the Influence of Copper Foils on Impedance, DC Line Resistance and Insertion Loss

Mar 28, 2013 | Alexander Ippich

For the last couple of years, the main concerns regarding the electrical performance of blank PCB boards were impedance and ohmic resistance. Just recently, the need to reduce insertion loss came up in discussions with blank board customers (...) The paper describes the test vehicle and the testing methodology and discusses in detail the electrical performance characteristics. The influence of the independent variables on the performance characteristics is presented. Finally the thermal reliability of the boards built applying different copper foils and oxide replacements was investigated....

Publisher: Multek Inc.

Multek Inc.

Northfield, Minnesota, United States

Manufacturer of Bare PCBs, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs

Multek is one of the leading printed circuit board suppliers in the world with nine production sites globally.

Vapor Phase Technology and its Application

Mar 27, 2013 | Allen Duck

Vapor phase, once cast to the annals’ of history is making a comeback. Why? Reflow technology is well developed and has served the industry for many years, it is simple and it is consistent. All points are true – when dealing with the centre section of the bell curve. Today’s PCB manufacturers are faced with many designs which no longer fall into that polite category but rather test the process engineering groups with heavier and larger panels, large ground planes located in tricky places, component mass densities which are poorly distributed, ever changing Pb Free alloys and higher process temperatures. All the time the costs for the panels increase, availability of “process trial” boards diminishes and yields are expected to be extremely high with zero scrap rates. The final process in the assembly line has the capacity to secure all the value of the assembly or destroy it. If a panel is poorly soldered due to poor Oven setup or incorrect programming of the profile the recovery of the panel is at best expensive, at worst a loss. For these challenges people are turning to Vapor Phase....

Publisher: A-Tek Systems Group LLC

A-Tek Systems Group LLC

Longmont, Colorado, United States

Assembly, Cleaning, Drilling/Routing, Soldering, Distributor

Distributor of the highest quality SMT assembly equipment. Our 45 years of combined experience and commitment to excellence have earned us the reputation as the premier distributor in the Americas.

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