Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


  • Europlacer SMT Pick & Place Machines
  • Reflow Ovens
  • Precision, fluid dispensing systems for low volume, high mix, R&D, and high volume 24x7 production
  • Electronics manufacturing training materials - IPC, solder
  • PCB Rework Tools
806 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Projection Moiré vs. Shadow Moiré for Warpage Measurement and Failure Analysis of Advanced Packages

Jan 31, 2013 | Joe Thomas

There are three key industry trends that are driving the need for temperature-dependent warpage measurement: the trend toward finer-pitch devices, the emergence of lead-free processing, and changes in device form factors. Warpage measurement has become a key measurement for analysis; prevention and prediction of interconnect defects and has been employed in failure analysis labs and production sites worldwide. First published in the 2012 IPC APEX EXPO technical conference proceedings...

Publisher: ZN Technologies

ZN Technologies

ZN Technologies (www.zntechnologies.com) specializes in assisting microelectronics companies achieve manufacturing efficiencies and yield/reliability improvement with our unique set of R&D/Failure Analysis capital equipment.

Marietta, Georgia, USA

Service Provider

Inline Wire and Cable Identification

Jan 30, 2013 | Pete Doyon, VP of Product Management

Many OEM’s require that individual wires and cables used in their products be clearly identified with a mark or label. For some, such as in the military and aerospace markets, wire and cable identification (or “wire ID”) is mandatory and the process is governed by stringent specifications, such as SAE AS50881 (formerly MIL5088L). For others, the decision to use wire ID is a voluntary one. This article will describe what type of information is typically identified on wire and cables, concepts for improved productivity, what types of systems are available and the pros and cons of each....

Publisher: Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of wire processing equipment. Our innovative automatic and semi-automatic machines are designed to cut, strip, crimp and mark all types of wire and cable.

Manchester, New Hampshire, USA

Other

Choosing the Right Cutting and Stripping Machine – It’s all about the apps

Jan 29, 2013 | Pete Doyon, VP Product Management

Choosing a new wire Cutting and Stripping (C&S) machine can be like shopping for a new car. With so many choices, where does one start? A nice, little sports car might be fun to have, but how often will it just sit there because it can’t carry a car load of kids or some odd-sized goods from the local home improvement store? You just might be better off with a midsize SUV that does a pretty good job at doing everything you need it to do....

Publisher: Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of wire processing equipment. Our innovative automatic and semi-automatic machines are designed to cut, strip, crimp and mark all types of wire and cable.

Manchester, New Hampshire, USA

Other

Internet Marketing Article 01-24-2013

Jan 24, 2013 | Roland Girouard

Being found in the search engines for a wide variety of terms directly related to my business would be my 1st priority......

Publisher: SMTnet

SMTnet

Helping businesses find each other.

Portland, Maine, USA

Consultant, Marketing Agency, Other, Publication or Online Resource, Service Provider

An investigation into low temperature tin-bismuth and tin-bismuth-silver lead-free alloy solder pastes for electronics manufacturing applications

Jan 24, 2013 | Jasbir Bath, Manabu Itoh, Gordon Clark, Hajime Takahashi, Kyosuke Yokota, Kentaro Asai, Atsushi Irisawa, Kimiaki Mori, David Rund, Roberto Garcia

The electronics industry has mainly adopted the higher melting point Sn3Ag0.5Cu solder alloys for lead-free reflow soldering applications. For applications where temperature sensitive components and boards are used this has created a need to develop low melting point lead-free alloy solder pastes. Tin-bismuth and tin-bismuth-silver containing alloys were used to address the temperature issue with development done on Sn58Bi, Sn57.6Bi0.4Ag, Sn57Bi1Ag lead-free solder alloy pastes. Investigations included paste printing studies, reflow and wetting analysis on different substrates and board surface finishes and head-in-pillow paste performance in addition to paste-in-hole reflow tests. Voiding was also investigated on tin-bismuth and tin-bismuth-silver versus Sn3Ag0.5Cu soldered QFN/MLF/BTC components. Mechanical bond strength testing was also done comparing Sn58Bi, Sn37Pb and Sn3Ag0.5Cu soldered components. The results of the work are reported....

Publisher: Christopher Associates Inc.

Christopher Associates Inc.

A pioneering supplier and distributor to the electronics and chemical processing industries.

Santa Ana, California, USA

Inspection

Brief description of ENIG for Multilayer PCB

Jan 18, 2013 | Grace

ENIG (Electroless Nickel/Immersion Gold) is to deposit nickel gold plating which has good solderability, wear resistance , leveling appearance and small electric resistance. It included 4 steps that are pretreatment, immersion nickel, immersion gold and Post treatment......

Publisher: Everest PCB equipment Co.,Ltd

Everest PCB equipment Co.,Ltd

EVEREST is a manufacturer of PCB equipment in China.We are focus on providing the best products and services for our clients. After making efforts for several years, we are in the lead leve

Beijing, China

Contract Manufacturer

Solving the ENIG Black Pad Problem: An ITRI Report on Round 2

Jan 17, 2013 | F.D.Bruce Houghton

A problem exists with electroless nickel / immersion gold (ENIG) surface finish on some pads, on some boards, that causes the solder joint to separate from the nickel surface, causing an open. The solder has wet and dissolved the gold. A weak tin to nickel intermetallic bond initially occurs, but the intermetallic bond cracks and separates when put under stress. Since the electroless nickel / immersion gold finish performs satisfactory in most applications, there had to be some area within the current chemistry process window that was satisfactory. The problem has been described as a 'BGA Black Pad Problem' or by HP as an 'Interfacial Fracture of BGA Packages…'[1]. A 24 variable experiment using three different chemistries was conducted during the ITRI (Interconnect Technology Research Institute) ENIG Project, Round 1, to investigate what process parameters of the chemical matrix were potentially satisfactory to use and which process parameters of the chemical matrix need to be avoided. The ITRI ENIG Project has completed Round 1 of testing and is now in the process of Round 2 TV (Test Vehicle) build....

Publisher: Celestica Corporation

Celestica Corporation

A multinational electronics manufacturing services (EMS) company.

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

IPC Standards Certification Center, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Training Provider

Identification and Prevention of "Black Pad"

Jan 17, 2013 | Kong Hui Lee

The use of an electroless nickel, immersion gold (ENIG) surface finish comes with the inherent potential risk of Black Pad failures that can cause fracture embrittlement at the interface between the solder and the metal pad. As yet, there is no conclusive agreed solution to effectively eliminate Black Pad failures. The case studies presented are intended to add to the understanding of the Black Pad failure mechanism and to identify both the plating and the subsequent assembly processes and conditions that can help to prevent the likelihood of Black Pad occurring....

Publisher: Jabil Circuit, Inc.

Jabil Circuit, Inc.

An electronic product solutions company providing comprehensive electronics design, manufacturing and product management services.

St. Petersburg, Florida, USA

Design, Service Provider

Electroformed vs. Laser-cut: A Stencil Performance Study

Jan 11, 2013 | By Michael R. Burgess and William E. Coleman, Ph.D., Photo Stencil

There have been claims in the industry that laser-cut electroformed nickel foil blanks provide stencil print performance comparable to electroformed stencils. A study was established to measure the quantitative differences in performance between the two during an independent lab study....

Publisher: Photo Stencil LLC

Photo Stencil LLC

Photo Stencil provides high-performance stencils, squeegee blades, thick film and metal mask screens and tooling for the surface mount technology (SMT) assembly, solar, and semiconductor industries.

Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA

Manufacturer of Components

The Application of Spherical Bend Testing to Predict Safe Working Manufacturing Process Strains

Jan 09, 2013 | John McMahon P.Eng, Brian Gray P.Eng,

The increased temperatures associated with lead free processes have produced significant challenges for PWB laminates. Newly developed laminates have different curing processes, are commonly filled with ceramic particles or micro-clays and can have higher Tg values. These changes designed to reduce Z-axis expansion and improve the materials resistance to thermal excursions through primary attach and rework operations have also produced harder resin systems with reduced fracture toughness....

Publisher: Celestica Corporation

Celestica Corporation

A multinational electronics manufacturing services (EMS) company.

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

IPC Standards Certification Center, Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Training Provider

FPC* - Fluid Pressure Control - Dispensing Pump

Lead Free Wave Solder - 1 Click SMT