Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


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678 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

Reliability Screening of Lower Melting Point Pb-Free Alloys Containing Bi

Jul 01, 2015 | Joseph M. Juarez, Michael Robinson, Joel Heebink; Honeywell, Polina Snugovsky, Eva Kosiba, Jeffrey Kennedy, Zohreh Bagheri, Subramaniam Suthakaran, Marianne Romansky; Celestica.

Aerospace and military companies continue to exercise RoHS exemptions and to intensively research the long term attachment reliability of RoHS compliant solders. Their products require higher vibration, drop/shock performance, and combined-environment reliability than the conventional SAC305 alloy provides. The NASA-DoD Lead-Free Electronics Project confirmed that pad cratering is one of the dominant failure modes that occur in various board level reliability tests, especially under dynamic loading.

One possible route to improvement of the mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of solder joints is the use of Pb-free solders with lower process temperatures. Lower temperatures help reduce the possibility of damaging the boards and components, and also may allow for the use of lower Tg board materials which are less prone to pad cratering defects. There are several Sn-Ag-Bi and Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi alloys which melt about 10°C lower than SAC305. The bismuth in these solder compositions not only reduces the melting temperature, but also improves thermo-mechanical behavior. An additional benefit of using Bi-containing solder alloys is the possibility to reduce the propensity to whisker growth...

Publisher: Honeywell International

Honeywell International

Honeywell is a Fortune 100 company that invents and manufactures technologies to address tough challenges linked to global macrotrends such as safety, security, and energy.

Morristown, New Jersey, United States

Manufacturer of Components

Return on Investment of a Pre-Reflow AOI System

Jun 30, 2015 | CyberOptics Corporation

This paper describes the losses from defects at the placement process in the SMT line. Two case studies of European and Taiwanese SMT manufacturers illustrate the actual losses from their defects. An evaluation method to select a pre-reflow AOI system maximizing the return on investment (ROI) is introduced. In the end, ROIs of three commercial pre-reflow AOI systems are compared to demonstrate the importance of selecting an appropriate AOI system. This paper will increase the probability that anyone installing an AOI system during the pre-reflow process will obtain a successful gain with short payback period....

Publisher: CyberOptics Corporation

CyberOptics Corporation

CYBEROPTICS is a global leader in high-precision 3D sensors that significantly improve yields and productivity in the 3D scanning and metrology, Surface Mount Technology & Semiconductor Markets

Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

Inspection

Automated Fluid Dispensing for Epoxy

Jun 30, 2015 | Eric Sari

Robotics for automated fluid dispensing have the ability to apply a variety of materials including epoxy, silicone, and acrylic coatings. These materials are extensively used in today’s high-speed fluid dispensers for the electronics industry.

Whether a dispenser is applying epoxy or another material, the central concept for applying any form of material remains the same. Specific points of an item being dispensed onto are programmed into the dispensing system. The automated fluid dispensers software interprets the programmed information and keeps the travel path in memory. A robotic arm moves fluid dispensing nozzles along this travel path and applies epoxy onto the surface of the item with precise accuracy. Machine speed can be adjusted to emit varying amounts of epoxy. The overall application process is auto-regulating and will not be disrupted....

Publisher: ETS - Energy Technology Systems, Inc.

ETS - Energy Technology Systems, Inc.

Manufacturer of Fluid Dispensing Equipment for Selective Conformal Coating, Potting, Encasulation & Underfill including Inspection, Conveying and Curing. Total Solution Fluid Dispensing Lines.

Deer Park, Washington, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Adhesives/Dispensing, Inspection, Soldering, Turnkey

Reduce labor by automating your Selective Conformal Coating process

Jun 22, 2015 | Brian Stumm, Wes Noble

Applying conformal coatings to electronics has come a long way since the days of manually coating circuit boards. The extreme accuracy and highly repetitive process of automated conformal coatings is moving the electronics industry towards a more defect-free era for conformal coating. It enables new forms of electronics to become better protected, making it possible for electronics to withstand harsher environments than ever before. The following article is meant to aid in clarifying the advantages of specialty coating systems over manual applications for selective conformal coating. ...

Publisher: ETS - Energy Technology Systems, Inc.

ETS - Energy Technology Systems, Inc.

Manufacturer of Fluid Dispensing Equipment for Selective Conformal Coating, Potting, Encasulation & Underfill including Inspection, Conveying and Curing. Total Solution Fluid Dispensing Lines.

Deer Park, Washington, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Adhesives/Dispensing, Inspection, Soldering, Turnkey

PCB Surface Finishes: A General Review

Jun 22, 2015 | Jun Nable, Ph.D., MacDermid Inc. Waterbury, CT

Surface finishing is an integral part of any PCB fabrication. It is generally applied to exposed Cu connectors and conductors on the board. Surface finishing has numerous important functions. It serves as a protective layer for the Cu connectors during storage. The surface finish helps minimize or reduce tarnish of the Cu substrate. Additionally, since it is the layer that comes into contact with other components during assembly, it ensures good solderability between the PCB and the component during assembly. Furthermore after assembly, the finish helps prolong the integrity of the solder joint during use.

A general review of common PCB surface finishes is presented. The advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed and compared. ...

Publisher: MacDermid Inc.

MacDermid Inc.

MacDermid is a global provider of specialty chemicals for the most complex printed circuit board designs. We specialize in the areas of final finishes, through-hole metallization, and circuit formation.

Waterbury , Connecticut, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Material, Antistatic

The Use of an Available Color Sensor for Burn-In of LED Products

Jun 18, 2015 | Tom Melly Ph.D.

In the recent past, the Light Emitting Diode (LED) was hailed as the new energy efficient light source that would never have to be replaced. There were claims of 50,000+ hrs lifetime for the humble LED. That story has changed over the last few years as the number and diversity of the LED based products has increased. This is not to say that the original evidence was incorrect, but the initial enthusiastic estimates from the labs did not match the ultimate test, customers. As a result of poor quality products affecting the overall opinion of LED based products, it is critical that manufacturers can be confident in the quality of their product. In current times we want to have products certified, checked and ensure that we have the best quality.

For the purposes of this paper we will look at one aspect of LED product, and this is the Lumen maintenance and estimated lifetime. The method described here does not seek to replace using high quality rating labs, but hopefully will allow the manufacturer to know with confidence that their prototype product, upon going to certification labs will be of a high enough quality that no expensive re-designs are required....

Publisher: Feasa Enterprises Limited

Feasa Enterprises Limited

Feasa designs and manufactures a range of LED test products.

Limerick, Ireland

Other

Solder Paste Stencil Design for Optimal QFN Yield and Reliability

Jun 11, 2015 | B. Gumpert

The use of bottom terminated components (BTC) has become widespread, specifically the use of Quad Flat No-lead (QFN) packages. The small outline and low height of this package type, improved electrical and thermal performance relative to older packaging technology, and low cost make the QFN/BTC attractive for many applications.

Over the past 15 years, the implementation of the QFN/BTC package has garnered a great amount of attention due to the assembly and inspection process challenges associated with the package. The difference in solder application parameters between the center pad and the perimeter pads complicates stencil design, and must be given special attention to balance the dissimilar requirements...

Publisher: Lockheed Martin Corporation

Lockheed Martin Corporation

Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs about 112,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development and manufacturing of advanced technology systems.

Bethesda, Maryland, United States

Other

Tin Whisker Risk Mitigation for High-Reliability Systems Integrators and Designers

Jun 04, 2015 | David Pinsky, Elizabeth Lambert

Integrators and designers of high-reliability systems exert little or no control over component-level plating processes that affect the propensity for tin whiskering. Challenges of how to assure long-term reliability, while continuing to use COTS parts plated with pure tin, continue to arise.

An integrated, quantitative, standardized methodology is proposed whereby mitigation levels can be selected that are appropriate for specific applications of pure tin for given end-uses. A system of hardware end-use classification is proposed, together with recommended appropriate risk mitigation approaches. An updated version of the application-specific risk assessment algorithm is presented together with recommended thresholds for acceptability within the context of the hardware classifications....

Publisher: Raytheon

Raytheon

The Raytheon Company is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.

Waltham, Massachusetts, United States

Other

Beyond 0402M Placement: Process Considerations for 03015M Microchip Mounting

May 28, 2015 | Brent Fischthal, Sr. Marketing Manager, Products & Solutions Michael Cieslinski, Engineering Manager Panasonic Factory Solutions Company of America.

The printed circuit board assembly industry has long embraced the "Smaller, Lighter, Faster" mantra for electronic devices, especially in our ubiquitous mobile devices. As manufacturers increase smart phone functionality and capability, designers must adopt smaller components to facilitate high-density packaging. Measuring over 40% smaller than today's 0402M (0.4mmx0.2mm) microchip, the new 03015M (0.3mm×0.15mm) microchip epitomizes the bleeding-edge of surface mount component miniaturization.

This presentation will explore board and component trends, and then delve into three critical areas for successful 03015M adoption: placement equipment, assembly materials, and process controls. Beyond machine requirements, the importance of taping specifications, component shape, solder fillet, spacing gap, and stencil design are explored. We will also examine how Adaptive Process Control can increase production yields and reduce defects by placing components to solder position rather than pad. Understanding the process considerations for 03015M component mounting today will help designers and manufacturers transition to successful placement tomorrow....

Publisher: Panasonic Factory Solutions Company of America (PFSA)

Panasonic Factory Solutions Company of America (PFSA)

PFSA develops and supports innovative manufacturing automation equipment, processes and solutions around the core of electronic assembly, microelectronic, software and circuit manufacturing

Rolling Meadows, Illinois, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment, Pick and Place, OEM

“A New Paradigm in Crimping Press Design” By Rob Boyd, Senior Product Manager, Schleuniger, Inc.

May 27, 2015 | Rob Boyd, Senior Product Manager, Schleuniger. Inc.

It goes without saying that manufacturing companies want the highest possible quality at the lowest possible cost. These days, everyone is trying to do more with less in order to stay relevant in a competitive environment....

Publisher: Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of wire processing equipment. Our innovative automatic and semi-automatic machines are designed to cut, strip, crimp and mark all types of wire and cable.

Manchester, New Hampshire, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

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