Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Electronics Manufacturing Technical Articles

Papers and articles related to SMT, PCB & EMS industry.


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639 SMT / PCB Technical Articles

High Temperature Ceramic Capacitors for Deep Well Applications

Jan 22, 2015 | R. Phillips, J. Bultitude, A. Gurav, K. Park, S. Murillo, P. Flores, M. Laps.

Temperature requirements for ceramic capacitors have increased significantly with recent advances in deep-well drilling technology. Increasing demand for oil and natural gas has driven the technology to deeper and deeper deposits resulting in extreme temperature environments up to 200°C and above. A novel capacitor solution utilizing temperature-stable base-metal electrode capacitors in a molded and leaded package addresses the growing market high temperature demands of (1) capacitance stability, (2) long service life, and (3) mechanical durability. A range of high temperature C0G capacitors capable of meeting this 200°C and above high temperature environment has been developed.

This paper will review the electrical, reliability, and mechanical performance of this new capacitor solution...

Publisher: KEMET Electronics Corporation

KEMET Electronics Corporation

KEMET offers the world's most complete line of surface-mount and through-hole capacitor technologies across tantalum, ceramic, film, aluminum, electrolytic, and paper dielectrics.

Simpsonville, South Carolina, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

Automotive Safety Systems Driving Growth in Automotive Sensor Cable Assemblies

Jan 12, 2015 | Pete Doyon, VP, Product Management, Schleuniger Inc.

V2V is a collision avoidance technology that transmits data between vehicles to help warn drivers of potential crashes. This technology would improve safety by allowing vehicles to communicate with each other and exchange basic safety data, such as position and speed and warn the driver of potentially dangerous situations....

Publisher: Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc.

Schleuniger, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of wire processing equipment. Our innovative automatic and semi-automatic machines are designed to cut, strip, crimp and mark all types of wire and cable.

Manchester, New Hampshire, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

The Effect of Pb Mixing Levels on Solder Joint Reliability and Failure Mode of Backward Compatible, High Density Ball Grid Array Assemblies

Jan 08, 2015 | Richard Coyle, Richard Popowich, Debra Fleming, Peter Read - Alcatel Lucent, Raiyo Aspandiar, Vasu Vasudevan, Steve Tisdale - Intel Corporation, Iulia Muntele - Sanmina Corporation.

Regardless of the accelerating trend for design and conversion to Pb-free manufacturing, many high reliability electronic equipment producers continue to manufacture and support tin-lead (SnPb) electronic products. Certain high reliability electronic products from the telecommunication, military, and medical sectors manufacture using SnPb solder assembly and remain in compliance with the RoHS Directive (restriction on certain hazardous substances) by invoking the European Union Pb-in-solder exemption.

Sustaining SnPb manufacturing has become more challenging because the global component supply chain is converting rapidly to Pb-free offerings and has a decreasing motivation to continue producing SnPb product for the low-volume, high reliability end users. Availability of critical, larger SnPb BGA components is a growing concern...

Publisher: Sanmina-SCI

Sanmina-SCI

Sanmina-SCI is a tier 1 provider of EMS and PWB along with vertically integrated capabilities from design through qualification.

San Jose, California, United States

The Last Will And Testament of the BGA Void

Jan 05, 2015 | Dave Hillman, Dave Adams, Tim Pearson, Brad Williams, Brittany Petrick, Ross Wilcoxon - Rockwell Collins, Dr. David Bernard, John Travis, Dr. Evstatin Krastev, Vineeth Bastin - Nordson Dage.

The impact of voiding on the solder joint integrity of ball grid arrays (BGAs)/chip scale packages (CSPs) can be a topic of lengthy and energetic discussion. Detailed industry investigations have shown that voids have little effect on solder joint integrity unless they fall into specific location/geometry configurations. These investigations have focused on thermal cycle testing at 0°C-100°C, which is typically used to evaluate commercial electronic products.

This paper documents an investigation to determine the impact of voids in BGA and CSP components using thermal cycle testing (-55°C to +125°C) in accordance with the IPC-9701 specification for tin/lead solder alloys. This temperature range is more typical of military and other high performance product use environments. A proposed BGA void requirement revision for the IPC-JSTD-001 specification will be extracted from the results analysis....

Publisher: Rockwell Collins

Rockwell Collins

Rockwell Collins (NYSE: COL) is a pioneer in the development and deployment of innovative communication and aviation electronic solutions for both commercial and government applications.

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States

Manufacturer of Assembled PCBs, Other

Profiled Squeegee Blade: Rewrites the Rules for Angle of Attack

Dec 24, 2014 | Ricky Bennett, Rich Lieske - Lu-Con Technologies, Corey Beech - RiverBend Electronics

For centuries, the squeegee blade has been used throughout many applications for depositing viscous materials through screens and stencils to transfer images on to substrates, from cloth material to electronic circuit boards. One area of blade printing mechanics that have been reviewed many times is the angle of attack of the blade. Typically it has been tested from 45 degrees to 60 degrees to optimize the printing quality and efficiency. However, this typically ends up as a compromise, from fill characteristics (45 degrees) to print definition (60 degrees). This paper will present the revolutionary performance of the profiled squeegee blade, which has recently been developed to create a virtual multi angle of attack for unsurpassed process control for all types of stencil printing processes....

Publisher: Lu-Con Technologies

Lu-Con Technologies

Lu-Con Technologies was formed to focus on innovation and technology to further enhance all aspects of the stencil printing process.

Flemington, New Jersey, United States

Manufacturer of Assembly Equipment

Head in Pillow X-ray Inspection at Flextronics

Dec 18, 2014 | Alejandro Castellanos, Adalberto Gutierrez, Gilberto Martin, Matthew Vandiver, Ranga Dematampitiya, Hung Le, Elliott Le, Phuong Chau, Hao Cui, An Qi Zhao, Wei Bing Qian, Fuqing Li, Jacky Yao, Jiyang Zhang, Leonard Brisan, Cristian Gurka, Shane Young

Manufacturing technology faces challenges with new packages/process when confronting the need for high yields. Identifying product defects associated with the manufacturing process is a critical part of electronics manufacturing. In this project, we focus on how to use AXI to identify BGA Head-in-Pillow (HIP), which is challenging for AXI testing. Our goal is to help us understand the capabilities of current AXI machines....

Publisher: Flextronics International

Flextronics International

Flextronics is a global full-service supplier of a full spectrum of value-added Electronic Manufacturing Services.

Singapore, Singapore

Manufacturer's Rep

Failure Modes in Wire bonded and Flip Chip Packages

Dec 11, 2014 | Mumtaz Y. Bora

The growth of portable and wireless products is driving the miniaturization of packages resulting in the development of many types of thin form factor packages and cost effective assembly processes. Wire bonded packages using conventional copper lead frame have been used in industry for quite some time. However, the demand for consumer electronics is driving the need for flip chip interconnects as these packages shorten the signals, reduce inductance and improve functionality as compared to the wire bonded packages. The flip chip packages have solder bumps as interconnects instead of wire bonds and typically use an interposer or organic substrate instead of a metal lead frame (...)

The paper provides a general overview of typical defects and failure modes seen in package assembly and reviews the efforts needed to understand new failure modes during package assembly. The root cause evaluations and lessons learned as the factory transitioned to thin form factor packages are shared...

Publisher: Peregrine Semiconductor

Peregrine Semiconductor

A leading fabless provider of high-performance, radio frequency integrated circuits, or RFICs.

San Diego, California, United States

Manufacturer of Components

Metal-based Inkjet Inks for Printed Electronics

Dec 04, 2014 | Alexander Kamyshny, Joachim Steinke, Shlomo Magdassi

A review on applications of metal-based inkjet inks for printed electronics with a particular focus on inks containing metal nanoparticles, complexes and metallo-organic compounds. The review describes the preparation of such inks and obtaining conductive patterns by using various sintering methods: thermal, photonic, microwave, plasma, electrical, and chemically triggered. Various applications of metal-based inkjet inks (metallization of solar cell, RFID antennas, OLEDs, thin film transistors, electroluminescence devices) are reviewed....

Publisher: Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Israel's second-oldest university, the Hebrew University is the top university in Israel, overall the 59th-best university in the world.

Jerusalem, Israel

Training / Education

Preparation, Manufacturing Lead-Free Soldering Alloy

Nov 28, 2014 | Tarik Talib Issa, Asmaa Shawky Khalil

A soldering alloy composition Sn40-Bi60 has been manufactured by quenching method to achieve the both cast and wire shape. Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) was done to study the melting behavior for a large portion of the alloy melts sharply at a approximately 136 C0 ,the melting point of Sn-Bi. X-Ray diffraction and optical microscopy were used to analyzed its microstructure characterization. The hardness of the alloys has been tested and find at a value 2 HRB as ductile form....

Publisher: University of Baghdad

University of Baghdad

The University of Baghdad (UOB) is the largest university in Iraq and the second largest Arab university.

Baghdad, Iraq

Training / Education

Effects of Packaging Materials on the Lifetime of LED Modules Under High Temperature Test

Nov 18, 2014 | Lei Nie, Wenjing Xiang - Hubei University of Technology, Mingxiang Chen, Huajing Li, Quan Chen - Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Performance degradation of packaging material is an important reason for the lifetime reduction of LED. In order to understanding the failure behavior of packaging material, silicone and phosphor were chosen to fabricate LED samples within which an aging test at 125℃ was performed. The result of online luminance measurement showed that LED samples with both silicone and phosphor had the highest luminance decay rate among all test samples because the carbonization of silicone and the consequent outgassing reduced the luminance quickly. The result of the luminance variance with test time was analyzed and an exponential decay model was developed with which the lifetime of LED under high temperature could be estimated....

Publisher: Hubei University of Technology

Hubei University of Technology

With a history of over 50 years, Hubei University of Technology (HBUT) is a provincial multi-discipline university, specializing in engineering.

Wuhan, China

Training / Education

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SP700avi inline stencil printer

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