Printed Circuit Board Assembly & PCB Design SMT Electronics Assembly Manufacturing Forum

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What Will I See

bphilips

#6927

What Will I See | 18 June, 2001

We are considering adding x-ray inspection equipment. What can I expect to see with X-ray?

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Gil Zweig

#6934

What Will I See | 18 June, 2001

BGA defects observed with x-ray inspection fall into catagories. One catagory is the obvious defects; i.e. soledr bridges, missing balls, excessive solder voids.

The second catagory is the more subtle "potential" defect. This is where variations in the ball bond x-ray images are observed. Variation in size and variation in shape. These we call signatures. These signature can indicate package deformation (popcorning and potatoe-chipping), incomplete reflow and collapse, cold solder joints and possible loss of contact. Examples of these signatures can be seen in IPC-7095 Standard.

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