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Damaged PCB.. what do you think?

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 15 March, 2012

Hello guys, I need your thoughts on this PCB I have, it seems that It was damaged by hit or something, I think there is no big issue because damage is on the corners, but I'm not pretty sure if It could has some other hidden damages, It has few SMDs and many pressfit connectors, already passed every test we have. Is there a potential problem? is there some spec for this kind of damage?

Thanks for sharing your thoughts


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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 16 March, 2012

We'd repair a drop board like this. Here's what our old friend Jeff Ferry said is a published article ...

When boards lose their edge: when the corner of a circuit board breaks or is damaged, the problem cannot be ignored by Jeff Ferry One of the most easily, and most frequently, damaged areas of a circuit board is the edge or corner. Corner damage often occurs when employees mishandle or drop the board. Since circuit boards are generally rectangular, corners are particularly vulnerable to damage. Corners may feature crucial board elements (mounting holes) or be connected to the housing, or body, of the final assembled product. When damage occurs, the corner must be replaced with materials equivalent to the original structural strength. Developing a Repair Method Over the years, I've encountered such a repair scenario thousands of times. In fact, this type of mechanical damage is so common, similar repairs are made practically every day. When I first encountered broken corners, no established or reliable repair methods existed. As a result, over time, and after trying a variety of different approaches, I discovered that, by borrowing certain techniques from other trades or disciplines, such techniques could be applied to circuit board repair. With corner repair, the tried and true technique of tongue and groove joinery used in woodworking and cabinetmaking was the solution. This technique is now an IPC-recommended method and can be applied to circuit boards that are at least 1.27 mm (0.050 in.) thick, and yield a joint as strong as the original. The method may be used on single-sided, double-sided or even multi-layer boards or assemblies. In this procedure, the missing corner material is completely replaced by a new piece of material of equal thickness. In many cases, depending on the depth of the damage (distance from the edge), circuitry may not be involved. If circuitry is involved, it must also be replaced and restored to the original condition and functionality. Performing the Repair Begin by removing all broken material, cutting away the damaged board material using a small saw or milling cutter. All delaminated material must also be removed--cutting down to undamaged board material. Cut a straight, clean edge and file the edge to ensure flatness. The new edge must be at a 90[degrees] angle to the board surfaces. Clean the area before and after cutting and filing. Next, install a circular carbide saw into an appropriate micro-drilling system. The saw will be used to cut a groove along the center of the fresh edge, the area where the new piece of board material will be installed. Set the speed to maximum and machine the groove. The groove must be centered in the edge to ensure the new piece will fit properly. The groove width should be approximately one-third the circuit board thickness. The groove depth should be approximately 0.762 mm (0.030 in.) deep. Now, cut a piece of replacement board material that is the same thickness and type as the piece removed. The replacement piece may be oversized slightly--the excess material will be removed after the replacement piece has been epoxied in place. Keep in mind that trimming down excess is easier than making up for a piece that is cut too small! The next step is to machine a tongue onto the entire mating edge of the replacement base material. This step is accomplished using an appropriately sized end mill and a milling machine. The dimensions of the tongue should equal the size of the milled groove. If performed properly, the new piece will fit snugly into the grooved mating surface of the original board. Once the new piece fits nicely, mix together appropriate proportions of two-part epoxy, coat both the tongue and groove surfaces, and then fit the two pieces together. Wipe away any excess epoxy and let it cure fully, according to specifications. Excess epoxy can be scraped off; the edges of the new piece should be milled flush with the edges of the board. Apply an additional thin coating or sealant to any scraped, abraded or open areas of the board material. Complete the repair by drilling holes or slots, or adding circuitry as required, and replacing any solder mask or conformal coating. When finished, the dimensions of the area replaced should be checked to ensure they conform to specifications. Jeff Ferry is president of Circuit Technology Center, Haverhill. MA; (978) 374-5000; Bibliography for: "When boards lose their edge: when the corner of a circuit board breaks or is damaged, the problem cannot be ignored" Jeff Ferry "When boards lose their edge: when the corner of a circuit board breaks or is damaged, the problem cannot be ignored". Circuits Assembly. 16 Mar, 2012. COPYRIGHT 2003 UP Media Group, Inc. COPYRIGHT 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 21 March, 2012

With the above information given on how to repair, I'd make sure to send a photo to the customer to see if they even want it repaired in the first place. Experience has shown that some customers just won't take product that has been damaged no matter how nice the repairs are.

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 4 April, 2012

This is more a cosmetic issue than anything else. Is this production or an RMA? If it's an RMA, did the customer send it in like this or was it damaged at your facility. If the customer sent it in, I would make an attempt to fix it. I have used super-glue and clamps in the past. Again, it's more cosmetic and it will just make it look better. If it's production, you might consider scrapping it, depending how close you can get it to its true form. If I were a customer ordering a new product, I would not want something that looked refurbed or damaged.

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 7 April, 2012

If I was to try and repair the board, I too would opt to use an adhesive and a press. I try not to use super glue for anything though, instead I would probably use a thin (low viscosity) epoxy that doesn't turn brittle after it sets. I would use a press (or clamps), and then clean up the edges after the epoxy has set.

If this is new product, I would reserve it for a demo, refurb, or sample unit.

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 13 April, 2012

Does the damage impede the form/fit/function of the PCB? iIf YES then DEFECT

Looks like the land is lifted from PCB > 1 thickness therefore a DEFECT

Does defect violate Min Elect clearance-If YES then defect

Make sure you have a dialogue with customer on this one because it will be a repair.

The repair itself can be done per IPC7721 procedures.

Bob Wettermann BEST

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 13 April, 2012

Thanks for your input guys, I'm still waiting for my client to check if they will accept any repair on these boards, but now I have a clear idea on how to proceed, thanks!

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Damaged PCB.. what do you think? | 20 April, 2012

better to make a fresh one.

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Reflow Oven

Plasma prior Conformal Coating