Limitations of top side only reflow ovens| 4 June, 2010
We have a 4 zone Quad ZCR 531B reflow oven with top side heaters only and a mesh belt. Our boards are 2-6 layer, range in size from 2x2 to 7x15, 0402 to D2PAK. What are the limitations/drawbacks of having top side only heat, especially since about half of our boards have components on both sides (we run two passes)? Would it adversely affect delta T, solder joint quality, etc.? I know that the solder should reflow at least 20deg. above the liquidus temperature, but how is joint quality affected if the underside barely gets above liquidus during the second pass? We use only Sn63Pb37 RMA. Thank you for your input.