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Step by step guide in evaluation of Solder Bar and Flux

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Setup Guy


Step by step guide in evaluation of Solder Bar and Flux | 8 December, 2006

Hi Guru, I have a project to evaluate different kind of Solder Bar and Flux to be used in wave solder(RoSH)machine, to choose in which is the best to be use.

What is your best practice to evaluate the Solder Bar and Flux ?

Cheers, Setup Guy

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Step by step guide in evaluation of Solder Bar and Flux | 11 December, 2006

Title : LEAD-FREE WAVE SOLDER FLUX EVALUATION Author : Michael Havener Author Company : Benchmark Electronics, Inc Date : 09/25/2005 Conference : SMTA International Abstract : The European Union�s deadline to ban lead in electronic products is quickly approaching. To meet the challenges of lead-free soldering, a method to evaluate the performance of lead-free wave solder fluxes will be explored. Identifying the optimal water-soluble and no-clean chemistries is the objective of this testing. Existing wave solder fluxes for tinlead soldering will also be evaluated as a comparison and to determine if the lead-free chemistries can meet or exceed tin-lead performance. The evaluation process will start with the selection of materials and test vehicle followed by two test phases to down select the candidate fluxes. Testing will evaluate barrel fill, solder joint formation and solder ball formation.

Title : LEAD-FREE SN3.5AG AND SN0.7CU WAVE SOLDER EVALUATION WITH VOC-FREE NO-CLEAN AND WATER SOLUBLE FLUXES Author : Jasbir Bath Author Company : Solectron Corporation Date : 06/12/2001 Conference : Advanced Packaging Technology Abstract : Two lead-free solders (Sn3.5Ag, Sn0.7Cu) were evaluated in terms of solderability and holefill thickness. The evaluation was performed on a Solectron Wave Soldering Test Vehicle using a VOC-free no-clean and a water-soluble flux on a production wave soldering machine. The process parameters varied in the Design of Experiment were solder pot temperature, conveyor speed, preheat temperature and nitrogen flow rate over the wave. The assembled component boards were evaluated by visual as well as X-ray laminography inspection to determine holefill and solderability and compared with control tin-lead wave soldered boards. Optimized process parameters for the 4 lead-free solder/ flux combinations were determined and confirmation runs were performed on OSP coated, NiAu and tin-lead HASL finish boards. Cross-sections of various through-hole components soldered using the lead-free solders showed reduced holefill compared to those soldered with tin-lead solder. This was particularly the case whenno-clean flux was used. In some instances soldering defects such as fillet lifting on tin-lead HASL coated boards were observed. Mechanical pull test data was also reviewed for SOIC and chip joints wave soldered using lead-free and tin-lead solders. Temperatures were determined on certain components on the board during the wave soldering operation with the lead-free solders. The temperatures used with the lead-free solders were slightly higher than those used presently for tin-lead. Keywords: lead-free, Sn3.5Ag, Sn0.7Cu, Sn37Pb, VOC-free flux, no-clean flux, water-soluble flux, wave soldering, solderability, visual defects, holefill, X-ray laminography, microstructure, fillet lifting, pull tests, shear tests, thermal cycling, temperature profiling, flux deposition, drossing, HASL, NiAu, OSP, impurity levels.

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Step by step guide in evaluation of Solder Bar and Flux | 15 December, 2006

The best practice is to perform a design of experiments. Without knowing your product or board composition, it is sensless to recommend any flux or solder. Contact some local area wave solder sales people. There are also "no lead specialist" that can help you as well.

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